1. Lets public see conflicts resolved by other members of the public
2. Reflects the conscience of the community
3. Brings fresh perspective to the case
4. May base its decision based on social values
What is Law?
Laws are essentially a set of rules, but there are 3 main characteristics that make
laws different from simple rules:
1. Laws are a set of rules established and enforced by government.
2. Laws are mandatory.
3. Laws involve consequence
Universal Declaration of Rights
During World War II, numerous human rights atrocities were committed.
In 1945, shortly after the war ended, the United Nations (UN) was formed.
UN Commission on Human Rights produced a list of human rights and
The first thing you should know about a courtroom is that there is a formal
structure to the surroundings and proceedings with defined roles, responsibilities,
and rules for the participants.
This is whats called the court
A jury panel is a group of people who receive a summons to attend court for jury
selection. You are part of the jury panel until you are either exempted, excused or
serve as a juror.
A juror is a person who has been selected from the
In 1066, King William of England introduced a feudal system.
Under this system, the king owned all of the land and divided most of it
among his lords or noblemen.
The Lords had their own servants, or vassals.
If a vassal broke the law
There are three levels of assault that are listed in the Canadian Criminal Code:
Intent is a key element in all three if there is no intent, there is no assault.
The first level consists of any of the following:
1) Applying intentional forc
Canada's Constitution History
Canada become an independent country from Britain on July 1, 1867.
Our first constitution was the British North America (BNA) Act, 1867.
Britain still controlled our foreign affairs and we needed their permission to
A drug is a substance that by its chemical nature alters structure or function within
a living organism
Drugs are classified as criminal because law restricts possessing them
Drugs have 4 basic schedules:
Schedule I- most dangerous drugs
Friction erupts between the police and the detainee when the person being arrested
claims to be innocent. A policeman may arrest someone when there are reasonable
and probable grounds that they may have committed a crime