Hematopoietic System, Immune System, Chemotherapy
Part of the immune response
Deficiency results in anemia
Folic acid deficiency
Bone marrow failure
The science of food as it relates to optimal health and performance
Physical Examination Preview
From the history and physical examination, assess the patients nutritional
status, including the following
This is considered a major system. Know it well. You MUST know how to do this.
Mediastinum + Lungs = thoracic cavity
The intercostal space number refers to the rib above it
Less than 90 degrees, costal margin. Increases
Ch. 8: Assessing Pain: The 5th Vital Sign
Every single patient must be assessed for pain (TJC)
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience, which we primarily associate with tissue
damage or describe in terms of such damage, or both.
CH 2,3,6,7 Health Assessment
Subjective data: descriptive rather than measurable data. Can only be obtained through
interview, verified only by the patient
3 phases of an interview
Introduction develop trust and rapport
Working phase actually conduct the
CH. 1 Nurses Role in HA; Collecting and analyzing data
1. Assessment-collecting subjective and objective data
a. Most critical phase
b. Data must be accurate and
Anal canal begins at the anal sphincter and ends at the anorectal junction (also called pectinate line, mucocutaneous
junction, or dentate line).
2 anal sphincters: external (skeletal muscle, voluntary control), and internal (smooth muscle, involuntary co
CNS: brain and spinal cord
Subarachnoid space is filled with cerebrospinal fluid that is made in the ventricles. This cushions the brain and spinal cord,
nourishes the CNS, and removes waste materials.
The brain has 4 major divisions: cerebrum, diencephal
Ch. 13 : Skin, Hair, Nails
Too much sweating hyperthyroidism
Too little sweating hypothyroidism
Most people with malignant melanoma die in their 20s.
Freckles: flat, small macules of pigment that appear following sun exposure
Striae: stretch marks
The shaft of the is made of 3 cylindrical masses of vascular erectile tissue bound together by fibrous tissue: 2 corpora
cavernosa (dorsal side) and 1 corpus spongiosum (ventral side).
Childrens urine ph 4.5-8. Urine tends to be acidic. Normal urine shoul
206 bones make up the axial skeleton (head and trunk), and the appendicular skeleton (extremities, shoulders, and hips)
Compact bone: hard and dense, makes up the shaft and outer layers
Spongy bone: has numerous spaces and makes the ends and centers of bo
EXTERNAL FEMALE GENITALIA
Vulva = pudendum; extends from the mons pubis to the anal opening
Mons pubis: the fat pad located over the symphysis pubis. Normally covered with pubic hair in a triangular motion.
Absorbs force and protects the symphysis pubis d
Parkinsons and Seizure Drugs
Why carbidopa-levidopa combination
o Levodopa does cross the blood brain barrier, and is later converted to dopamine in
the brain. Carbidopa decreases the peripheral destruction of levodopa, making
CH 4: Pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics
Pharmacotherapeutics-desired therapeutic goal, the indication for giving a drug. Can cure,
also can create a side effect.
Pharmacokinetics-the movement of the drug particles i
Alpha 1: responds to epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
Alpha 2 : responds to epinephrine and norepinephrine
Beta 1 : responds to epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
Beta 2 : respond only to epinephrine
One of the most frequent indications fo
CH 23: Drugs treating severe pain
Strong Narcotic Agonists:
Fentanyl (Sublimaze IV, Duragesic transdermal, Actiq and Fentora transmucosal/buccal)
MUCH more potent than morphine. Synthetic.
OB INFORMATION FOR KAPLAN AND NCLEX
1. Pitocin know about it; especially that it causes steady contractions (ie, one every 5
minutes); used for labor
2. Methergine know about it; especially know that it causes a constant contraction; used
for bleeding aft
CH 35: Corticosteriods
Medulla controls the stress responses. excretes epi and norepinephrine
Addisons is hypo secretion of aldosterone
Cushings syndrome increases secretion of aldosterone
Glucocorticoids control the anti-inflammatory re
Ch 23: Pain
Pain is objective. It is what the patient says it is.
Transduction is the initiation of a pain signal.
Components that influence pain. Physical and emotional (limbic system). Some regions of the
brain tell the body that the pain i
Ch. 13: Adrenogenic drugs
The ANS is subdivided into sympathetic adrenergic (speedy) Fight or flight
Parasympathetic cholinergic (slows things down)
Acetylcholine - ACH
Norepinephrine - NE
One of the most frequent indications for adrenergi
Know the types of insulin, onset, duration, peak. These are all different.
Type 1: body does not make insulin. Insulin dependent. Pancreas destroys itself. Cannot be
fixed. EXOGENOUS INSULIN.
Type 2: body does not respond to the insulin the body makes. Pa
Ch. 1: Nursing management of drug therapy
Pharmacotherapeutics-the desired, therapeutic effect of the drug
Pharmacokinetics-the changes that occur to the drug while it is in the body
Pharmacodynamics-the effects of the drug on the body