In Apology, Socrates stands before a jury to defend himself on the charges of
Atheism and corrupting the youth brought against him by Meletus. He is ultimately
found guilty and sentenced to death.
I found Socrates defense of himself to be riddled
The king is kinky.
Wheres the two? Wheres the two? We still havent found the two!
Myth of the Lydian Shepherd
Plot- King who is the king Plato speaks about. The servant/shepherd (Benston) is so close with
the king that the king tells him everyth
My favorite bumper sticker: My Golden Retriever is smarter than your honor student.
He met the Dalai Lama?!?
What is morality?
Morality is universal
Morality is objective
Relativism- At different places in different times, some things are moral
West: Person consists of a bodily part and a mental part
Death is a liberation from suffering
Death is universal
Buddha- metaphysical- impermanence
Essence/soul is not permanent
Four Noble Truths
My parents had sexual intercourse on a specific date, and I was the winning sperm.
I DONT LIKE BUDDHISM
Eudaimonia- flourishing or fulfillment
NOTHING IS PERMANENT- Patterns may remain, but everything changes
Impermanence of anatman (nothing pe
God is the laws of natural selection
A non-physical soul moving an object (i.e. human body) fails to follow the laws of causality of
Is the mind the brain or a separate, non-physical soul?
Owen beat football players in arm wrestling by pulling their chi out
Eudaimonia- We seen it in Greek and Buddhist philosophy
Universal features of morality? (Eudaimonia?)
Could just be solutions to common/universal problems (people need to get
Question: Critically evaluate one of the three Cartesian arguments for why mind-body dualism is
Character- personality traits (i.e. shyness)
RenXiao- Filial piety
Confucius has never met a perso
Descartes doubts his own existence, and then the existence of himself as physical, etc. but he
accepts the assumption that evil demons could exist to deceive him, how does he believe/can
accept that evil demons exist?
Mind and body are different kinds of things
Mind- occupies time; free will
Body- occupies space and time; determinism
Mind is brain
Descartes 2nd argument for mind body dualism (6th meditati
Group Project on Singers Practical Ethics
Group 1- Animals moral status (Chapters 3,4,5)
Group 2- Embryo Fetus Abortion Stem Cell Research (Chapter 6)
Group 3- Euthanasia- no difference between killing (active) and allowing so
Jeremy Bentham (1748)
People act in self-benefit (pleasure maximizing- hedonism)
Human psychology tries to maximize good consequences
Actions=fcfw_intensity, duration, propinquity (proximity), purity, fecundity (fertility, long term
Choose either 1 or 2 & do 3. 21/2 pages each total 5 pages. Due Nov 13.
1. What is the ONE main virtue in Confucian ethics that (you think) we in
the West could learn from? Why? Cite at least one passage from the
Analects that expresses or endorses the vi
1. Socrates defines a social contract as an agreement made between a state and its
people, in which the state guarantees its citizens certain rights and abilities in return for
compliance with its laws. The state give[s] you birth, nurture[s]
PH 42 - Flanagan Fall 2008
Phil 42: Introduction to Philosophy
Fall 2007: TU & TH 8:30 9:45 AM
James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy
201E West Duke Building
Office Hours: Office Hours TU&TH: 7:45-8:30 AM and other days and times by
Definition: morality is the advantage of the stronger
It has different forms (different) everywhere because of different contingent histories of power
Similar to Hobbess state of nature argument,
Sleep with sheep
Are humans angels or are humans selfish creeps?
Psychological egoism- each person, whether he or she knows it, seeks whats good for
him or herself
Sophist- People who travelled around Greece and taught the sons of ri
Buddhism is form of religion in which, through the Four Noble Truths and the
Eight-Fold Path, one can realize the Absolute or Ultimate Truth and become
Enlightened. This task must only be undertaken by an individual so that by seeing
Confucius is wrong in his arguments dealing with government, basically that
gentlemen, when a student finds that he can more than cope with his studies, then he
takes office (Analects 19.13). Confucius is wrong here because a man who
In "Euthyphro," Socrates and Euthyphro argue about the meaning of piety in the
context of each of them attending legal courts- Socrates getting indicted for "corrupting
the youth" with his teachings and Euthyphro prosecuting his father for murdering the
In the passage from Martin Luther King Jr.s Letter from Birmingham Jail, King
justifies his seemingly contradictory actions of breaking the law while still promoting the
Supreme Courts decision of 1954, Brown v the Board of Education, by claiming that a
The Republic Trasymachus Essay
In the first book of The Republic, Socrates argued with Trasymachus
Owen Flanagan PH 42-08
Papers on Plato's Socratic Dialogues & "Republic"
PH 42 Fall 2008
CHOOSE ONE of 3:
Your paper should be 5 pages long, 7 max.
No cover sheet, i.e., Title and name on page 1.
Number all pages.
No secondary sources
All references in
Socrates: A Social Contact
In 1689, philosopher and political scientist John Locke published his
revolutionary work, The Two Treatises of Government, in which he is thought to have
first espoused the idea of a social contract, as it is known today
Descartes bases his analysis of existence and who he is on the premise that his
senses should be doubted because he could be dreaming, so what he senses does not
actually exist, or an evil God could be deceiving him. Both of these
Descartes on Mind-Body Dualism
In Meditations VI, Descartes argues in favor of mind-body dualism. He offers
three distinct premises- 1) If he conceives of two things and perceives with certainty that
they are separate different kinds of things, t
Symbols to know
4 Parts of Philosophy
Meta=after/of or about
Means literally about physics
Asks the most fundamental/basic questions about the ultimate nature of things (i.e. WHY is th
We are just part of what the big bang is doing today.
Ethics and meta-ethics
| Symbols to know
Normative (1 order) ethics
Difference between ethics and etiquette? |
Etiquette might be less serious
The Trial and Death of Socrates
Socrates is standing outside of the courtroom and sees Euthyphro, so they begin talking about
their individual cases
Socrates is being indicted for corrupting the youth while Euthyphro is i