296. Feli is a young adult who has been asleep for three hours. As he continues to sleep, we
can expect that
A) NREM-2 sleep will diminish and that NREM-1 sleep will increase in duration.
B) NREM-3 sleep will diminish and that NREM-1 sleep will increase i
291. The impact of genes on observable traits can vary in different environments. Thus,
genes are said to be
292. Epigenetics is the study of environmental influences on _ that occur witho
20. Identical twins are most likely to share a similar prenatal environment if they share the
B) adaptive capacity.
21. Dante is healthier than his twin brother because he developed with a better placental
22. A capacity to monitor simultaneously the color, shape, and motion of a flying kite best
A) the popout phenomenon.
B) parallel processing.
C) the cocktail party effect.
D) change blindness.
23. Focusing conscious awareness on a particular s
2. Since 1960, psychology has regained an interest in consciousness as psychologists of all
persuasions began affirming the importance of
A) evolutionary psychology.
B) choice blindness.
3. Consciousness is defined as
317. Sleep deprivation increases levels of the stress hormone
318. Terry has not had a decent night's sleep in over a week. If this sleep deprivation
continues, he will become increasingly susceptible to
234. Chronic sleep deprivation is most likely to contribute to
A) weight loss.
B) increased creativity.
C) suppression of the immune system.
D) decreased blood pressure.
235. Those who complain of insomnia typically _ how long it actually takes them to
254. A person is able to accurately point to the current location of certain moving objects that
she is unable to consciously see. This best illustrates
A) inattentional blindness.
B) the popout phenomenon.
C) selective attention.
360. As drug users experience neuroadaptation, they demonstrate signs of
B) a near-death experience.
361. Which process most clearly underlies the development of drug tolerance?
B) REM slee
415. People who can hear usually process their speaking with the _ hemisphere.
Deaf people usually process their language signing with the _ hemisphere.
A) right; left
B) left; right
C) right; right
D) left; left
416. If primed with the flashed word foot,
63. Genital arousal is most likely to be associated with
A) sleep apnea.
B) REM sleep.
C) NREM-3 sleep.
D) sleep spindles.
64. During REM sleep, your skeletal muscles are relaxed because messages from the motor
cortex are blocked by the
163. The body structures that enable reproduction are the
A) primary sex characteristics.
B) secondary sex characteristics.
C) gender schemas.
D) adrenal glands.
164. The first appearance of secondary sex characteristics is most likely to be associated wi
248. Because he believes that crying is a feminine trait, 14-year-old George has difficulty
admitting that a movie makes him tearful. His experience best illustrates the impact of
A) sex chromosomes.
C) gender schemas.
D) culture shock.
148. Depressants are drugs such as
A) marijuana and LSD.
B) barbiturates and opiates.
C) nicotine and caffeine.
D) cocaine and amphetamines.
149. The reckless aggressive behavior that may follow alcohol consumption best illustrates
that alcohol may act as
339. According to Freud, people dream in order to
A) give expression to personally threatening drives and wishes.
B) prepare themselves for the challenges of the following day.
C) strengthen their memories of the preceding day's events.
D) accomplish all
106. Particularly among men, sleep apnea is linked with
A) night terrors.
107. An air pump that keeps the sleeper's airway open and breathing regular is often
prescribed for serious cases of
85. People who regularly sleep less than normal experience a(n) _ risk of
depression and a(n) _ risk of gaining weight.
A) decreased; decreased
B) increased; increased
C) decreased; increased
D) increased; decreased
86. Sleep deprivation increases levels
403. The major active ingredient in marijuana is
404. K2, also known as Spice, mimics
405. In contrast to alcohol, marijuana
A) is rapidly eliminated from the body.
B) does not impair
41. One form of a gene that regulates the neurotransmitter serotonin contributes to the
A) organic methyl molecules.
B) identical twins.
C) a fearful temperament.
42. To estimate trait heritability, behavior geneticists ar
189. THC, the active ingredient in _, is classified as a _.
A) marijuana; hallucinogen
B) marijuana; stimulant
C) cocaine; stimulant
D) cocaine; hallucinogen
190. Unlike alcohol, the THC in marijuana
A) acts as a disinhibitor.
B) impairs motor coordinatio
275. Research on sleep and dreaming fails to confirm that
A) the use of sleeping pills reduces REM sleep.
B) increased genital arousal accompanies dreaming regardless of whether the dream's
content is sexual.
C) when dreaming of performing an activity, ou
270. Identical twins reared apart have _ similar personalities than identical twins
reared together and _ similar personalities than fraternal twins reared apart.
A) more; more
B) less; less
C) more; less
D) less; more
271. Studies of identical twins who
205. Many would consider it ironic that men are more likely than women to feel comfortable
about having casual sex with multiple partners and yet at the same time more likely to
feel jealous and angry if a mate has sex with someone else. How might evoluti
143. In laboratory experiments, men have been found to be _ willing than women to
blast people with what they believed was intense and prolonged noise. Outside the
laboratory they have been found to be _ willing than women to support war.
A) more; less
381. Soon after taking a psychoactive drug, Larisa's breathing slowed, her pupils constricted,
and her feelings of anxiety were replaced by blissful pleasure. Larisa most likely
experienced the effects of
81. In a study of Welsh pedestrians, women rated a man as _ if he was pictured at
the wheel of an expensive rather than an inexpensive car. Men rated a woman as
_ if she was pictured at the wheel of an expensive rather than an inexpensive
A) less att
227. The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called
C) gender typing.
D) gender identity.
228. The concepts of masculinity and femininity that we use to organize our world are called
41. When working an occasional night shift, people often feel groggiest in the middle of the
night but experience new energy around the time they normally would wake up. This
best illustrates the impact of
A) sleep apnea.
B) memory consolidation.
C) the c