PPE GATEWAY COURSE: PRISONERS DILEMMA / DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE
PPE MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE
1. THE STATE OF NATURE AND THE NATURE OF STATE
Central question of this topic Are sovereignty and state power not merely effective (in a
Prisoners Dilemma and Distributive Justice
Social Sciences 109
Professor: Jonathan Anomaly Email: [email protected]
Anomaly Office: Gross 201; Office hours: Every day for an hour after class.
Parker Gilbert Exam 2
1. Suppose an expensive new procedure were invented that would
allow us to manipulate the genes of a fertilized embryo in ways that
boost the future childs IQ by about 10 points (suppose also that IQ
is partly determined by genes,
Game Theory Practice
For each of the following games, identify the Nash Equilibria (NE), and say what kind of game
it is. The values in the payoff matrix are cardinal utilities, where higher numbers are more
valuable than lower numbers. For example, if th
Efficiency, Externalities, Public Goods
The Pareto criterion of efficiency says that a change in the distribution of resources should be made if at least
one person gains and nobody loses (by their own judgment). This can help us compare different social
GOOD = whatever we have an appetite for.
EVIL = whatever we have an aversion to.
Good and evil are names that signify our appetites and aversions, which in different
tempers, customs, and doctrines of men, are different The same man, in
The Prisoners Dilemma
You and I are arrested for robbing a bank and interrogated separately. The ambitious District
Attorney wants at least one prosecution (to show that hes a tough DA), and so offers each of us
the following deal: You have a choice snitc
Game theory is a way of formalizing strategic choice, which occurs when the outcome for each player
depends on the choices of all players.
An equilibrium point, or Nash equilibrium, is any cell in a payoff matrix from which neither player
Nozick: Rights, Liberty and Libertarianism
The justification of rights1
1. Some people ground rights in natural laws or human nature.
e.g. The Lockean and Jeffersonian tradition, culminating in the Declaration of Independence.
2. Others ground rights in t