November 13, 2007 Powerpoints 10 and 11 Early Archaic H. Sapiens evolved from Homo erectus o Middle Pleistocene specimens are ALL Homo sapiens but much diversity within this group Late Archaic H. Sapiens (Neanderthals) o Specimens found in very co
Outline for Powerpoint 9: Homo erectus Fossils date back to 19th century (earliest) o In China (Sinanthropus) o In Java (Pithecanthropus) -island in Indonesia After WW II, all species from both countries combined into H. erectus Pleistocene o ice
Powerpoint 8 Outline Timeline for Hominid Fossils o A. anamensis (4.2-3.9 mya) o A. afarensis (3.9-3.0 mya) o A. africanus (3.0-2.3 mya) o A. boisei (2.0 mya) o A. robustus (1.8-1.0 mya) o Homo habilis (2.4-1.6 mya) o Homo erectus (1.8-200,000 ya) o
October 23, 2007 Powerpoint 7 Outline Primate Evolution o Origins in the placental mammal radiation 65 million years ago o Cenozoic eraAge of Mammals (rapid habitat change) Hominoid vs. Hominid: o Hominoidapes (chimps, gorillas, bonobos, orangutans,
Powerpoint 6 Outline Archaeology study of human past by looking t material remains (artifacts) Artifacts objects made by humansscientists study how and why these objects were left behind Why Study Material Remains? o Understanding the past lets us
Outline for Powerpoint 5 Why study fossils? o Help determine evolution of primate line o Can understand the forces of evolution o Can understand the process that led toward thinkers and tool makers Remains are usually only jaw and teeth 4 functional
Evolution in Action: Modern Human Populations Human Polymorphisms Is the Concept of Race Useful for Studying Human Physical Variation? Are There Difference in Intelligence From One Population to Another?
Why ask this question
Early Archaic Homo sapiens
Homo erectus continued to evolve as transitional forms between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens sapiens. All Middle Pleistocene specimens are classified within the species Homo sapiens. There is variation within and betw
Homo erectus introduction
Discoveries of Homo erectus fossils go back to the 19th century.
Javanese remains were called Pithecanthropus. Also fossils found in China.
After World War II, the taxonomic splitting was combined in the classificat
When and Where Did the First Hominids Appear, and What Were They Like? What is the Relation Between the Various Forms of Australopithecus? Why Had Australopithecus Become a Bipedal Walker?
Time line for hominid fossils
When Did the First Primates Appear, and What Were They Like? When Did the First Monkeys and Apes Appear, and What Were They Like? What Group of Primates Gave Rise to the Human Line of Evolution?
Study of human past Archeologists deal with material remains
Artifacts are objects fashioned or altered by humans
Context in which they are left and the way they are left are important to know
Why study remains
Knowledge of the h
Purpose of studying prehistoric primates
Useful for interpreting evolution of primate line Better understanding of the forces of evolution Fuller knowledge of the evolutionary process producing tool makers and thinkers
You are responsible for: Latin name/binomial Common name Geographic distribution Terrestrial or arboreal Locomotion Ecology Social organization
Ringtailed lemur Madaga
An Overview the Primates
Primates as Mammals Characteristics of Primates Primate Adaptations Primate Taxonomy A Survey of the Living Primates
Primates As Mammals
There are over 4,000 species of mammals. Primates are members of the placen
Development of Evolutionary Theory
A Brief Background Definitions Terminology Natural Selection in Action
Diversity & Unity in all life
Evolution ties these two together
Change through time
Biological evolution is focus of t
WELCOME TO BAA 93 & 93D
Find out about yourself! Why do we walk on two legs and not 4? Do you have attached earlobes? Why is your blood type important? Are you a monkeys aunt/uncle?
3.2MILLIONYEAROLDFOSSIL WilljourneyendangerLucy? THEASSOCIATE
Practice Test Answers 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. T 8. T 9. F 10. F 11. F 12. T 13. T 14. F 15. F 16. F 17. T 18. F 19. T 20. F 21. F 22. F 23. T 24. F 25. F 26. F 27. T 28. T 29. T 30. T 31. b 32. d 33. d 34. c 35. b 36. a 37. b 38. c 39. c 40.
Exam 2 Practice Test
True/False: 1. Artifacts are objects found at archaeological sites that help us to better understand the past. 2. The Miocene period occurred before the Eocene. 3. Hominid refers to both humans and the great apes. 4. Plesiadapif