You have been chosen to speak to the Young Republicans and the Young Democrats
regarding the new nuclear plant to be built near your neighborhood. Regardless of the position
you take, it is likely that the audience will be relatively intellig
142.When a group is unanimous about an issue, conformity is at its highest point.
143.Social roles tell us how to behave.
144.Philip Zimbardo's study provided evidence that people change their behavior when given new
Lahey - Chapter 16 #157
One of the causes of stereotypes and prejudice is the "us versus them" mentality.
Lahey - Chapter 16 #158
Stereotyping is not always
To guard against groupthink, all members of the group should hold similar opinions.
Lahey - Chapter 16 #140
Persons from collectivistic cultures are more susceptible to conformity than pe
A person with a somatoform disorder is actually faking physical symptoms.
Lahey - Chapter 14 #168
A person who feels as if they have become distorted or unreal, or that their surroundings
90. Stereotypes are harmful because they
A. lead to narrow views of individuals and expectations of their behavior.
B. cause people to be honest about their feelings.
C. allow people to make accurate attributions that hurt others with the truth.
D. are us
Lahey - Chapter 15 #14
What do free association and dream interpretation have in common?
A. They are part of client-centered therapy.
B. They were used by Freud to uncover unconscious thoughts.
C. They are used as an altern
19. Joan was asked to perform a simulated management task that was evaluated by a team of upper
managers. What evaluation method was most likely used?
A. a structured interview
B. an assessment center
C. a checklist rating
D. a biodata technique
20. In jo
Incest is said to occur when a
A. someone is sexually victimized by a family member.
B. man is sexually victimized by a woman.
C. woman is sexually victimized by a man.
D. homosexual is sexually victimized by a heterosexual.
71. Social skills training is a specific technique of
B. interpersonal psychotherapy.
C. cognitive-behavior training.
D. Gestalt therapy.
72. Shaping and positive reinforcement are specific tools used in the cognitive-behavior technique
Chapter 15 Summary
# of Questions
Lahey - Chapter 15
1. You are a psychologist interested in how groups b
Dr. Susan is your family therapist. She believes that to adequately understand psychological
problems, she must understand the role that you play in the family system. Which of the
following statements supports that underlying belief?
According to the ethics of psychotherapy, the choices for treatment methods should be
A. whatever the HMO has certified and authorized.
B. based on a Freudian approach to understanding behavior.
C. made based on one's ability to pay.
29. The definition of conformity involves the notion of yielding to group pressure
A. because of some social threat.
B. because of a fear of negative consequences.
C. for fear of retribution.
D. without a direct request to comply.
30. When others in the g
10. In which of the following situations is it appropriate for a therapist to breach confidentiality?
A. a spouse inquiry
B. a court order
C. an insurance company order
D. a relative asks a question
11. The underlying belief of psychoanalytic psychotherap
Terry was asked to participate in a brief phone survey. After she answered the survey
questions, the interviewer asked her if she would complete a lengthy mailed survey. What
technique of persuasion was used by the interviewer?
A. primacy tec
51. Consumer safety issues appear to be best suited to the work of
A. industrial-organizational psychologists.
B. educational psychologists.
C. human factors engineers.
D. environmental psychologists.
52. Designing equipment and systems around the limitat
Lahey - Chapter 14 #127
Jerry is a transvestite; however, after experiencing sexual pleasure in women's clothing he
feels guilty and depressed. In this case, Jerry's sexual behavior would probably be considered
Lahey - Chapter 15 #56
Using cognitive-behavior therapy, a therapist may help a depressed client by helping the client
resume activities that are meaningful and enjoyable. This approach to minimizing the negativ
Lahey - Chapter 15 #67
After her poem was not selected for the school literary magazine, Kate concluded that she must
not be a good writer. Which type of maladaptive cognition best fits Kate's thinking?
A. selective abstraction
Sarah felt unreal, like a robot. Her hands seemed too large for the rest of her body and they
seemed to move of their own free will. She knew that her perceptions were not accurate but
they had an eerie sense of reality to them. Her altered s
Patients sometimes hear, see, smell, or taste things that are not there. These false perceptions
are known as
A. defense mechanisms.
D. thought disorders.
Lahey - Chapter 14 #96
121.When interviewing for a job, it is important to dress well, shake hands firmly, and be appropriately
assertive and friendly because of the
A. primacy effect.
B. recency effect.
C. equity effect.
D. proximity effect.
122.When the initial information th
Lahey - Chapter 14 #105
How does an individual receive a diagnosis of undifferentiated schizophrenia?
A. exhibits severe hallucinations and delusions
B. exhibits inappropriate emotional responses
C. symptoms similar to disorga
24. The psychoanalytic approach to therapy was founded by
A. Abraham Maslow.
B. B.F. Skinner.
C. Carl Rogers.
D. Sigmund Freud.
25. If a psychotherapist is working hard to create a condition where the censorship of the ego is
relaxed, then this person is
102.People who are low in omega-3 fatty acids are more likely to be
103.Which of the following is a common side effect to electroconvulsive therapy?
A. memory loss
B. immune system weakening
Which of the following is a contemporary neo-Freudian form of psychotherapy that ignores
A. social skills training
B. systematic desensitization
C. interpersonal psychotherapy
D. assertiveness training
In the early stages of attraction and relationships, _ seems to be the most important
A. physical attractiveness
B. chosen vocation
C. financial security
D. home location
Lahey - Chapter 16 #116
Tests that provide an actual sampling of manual skills required for a particular job are called
Lahey - Chapter 17 #17
The term abnormal behavior, as it is used by the mental health community, includes problems
in negotiating life that are experienced by many people.
Lahey - Chapter 14 #151
Proponents of t