A&P II Final Exam Review: Lecture Topics/Objectives
Introduction to Hematology
o Define hematology and hemostasis
o List and describe the functions of blood
o Label the components to blood
o Describe the general function of each blood component
Introduction to the Microscope Lab Activity
"Micro" refers to tiny, "scope" refers to view or look at. Microscopes are tools used to enlarge
images of small objects so as they can be studied. The compound light microscope is an
QUESTION 1: Why are some countries democracies and others arent?
A few reasons:
1. A countrys political institutions answer a lot about how a country defines and how much
the country values participation and representation.
a. Political institutions are i
Acrosomal Reaction - release of digestive enzymes by sperm that enables them to burrow through the corona radiate and
penetrate the zona pellucida of an oocyte prior to fertilization
Acrosome - cap-like vesicle located at the anterior-most regi
15 | THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
After studying this chapter, you will be able to:
Describe the components of the autonomic nervous system
Differentiate between the structures of the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions in the a
Module 02 Lab Worksheet: Cardiovascular
This weeks lab will focus on understanding the concepts of heart anatomy and
blood flow in the body.
Objectives for this weeks lab include: 1) Identify the anatomical structures
Module 03 Lab Worksheet: Cardiovascular
System- Heart and Blood Vessels
This weeks lab will focus on understanding the concepts of heart physiology and
blood vessels of the body.
Objectives for this weeks lab include: 1) Describe a
Module 04 Lab Worksheet: Lymphatic and
This weeks lab will focus on understanding the concepts of the lymphatic and
immune system's ability to protect and defend our body from foreign pathogens and
assist in maintaining homeost
The acrosomal reaction within fertilization involves enzymes digesting holes through the zona pellucida.
The process of capacitation within fertilization allows time for the sperm to become increasingly motile and their
membranes increasingly fragile.
Molecules made of carbon and at least one hydrogen atom
usually large molecules
based on links of multiple (carbon) atoms
Atoms or clusters of atoms
covalently bonded to a carbon atom
of an organic molecule, give
Observation: the action or process of observing something or
someone carefully or in order to gain information.
Prediction: a thing predicted; a forecast.
Experiment: a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery,
test a hypothesis, or dem
Atom: smallest unit of matter, particles that are the building blocks of all substances. Have no charge
3 subatomic particles of atoms:
(number of protons)
(number of protons + neutrons)
What is a cell?
Smallest living structure and functional unit that shows
property of life
consists of one or
the cell is the
each new cell
Review for Bio 160 Unit Test 6
Chapter 16: Special Senses
1. Name the different types of special senses.
a. Olfaction: sense of smell
b. Gustation: sense of taste
e. Equilibrium: balance
2. Describe the major classification of recepto
Review for Bio 160 Unit Test 5
Chapter 12: Nervous Tissue
1. Know the general organization of the nervous system.
The nervous system is composed of two autonomic nervous systems. The central nervous
system which contains the brain and spinal cord and the
Review for Bio 160 Unit Test 4
Remember that this review sheet is only a guide, and not a complete list of
what you should know for your exam. Unless otherwise noted, you are
responsible for the material given in lecture and in your textbook. When
Review for Bio 160 Unit Test 3
Remember that this review sheet is only a guide, and not a complete list of what you should
know for your exam. Unless otherwise noted, you are responsible for the material given in
lecture and in your textbook. When reviewi
Review for Bio 160 Unit Test 1
Remember that this review sheet is only a guide, and not a complete
list of what you should know for your exam. Unless otherwise noted,
you are responsible for the material given in lecture and in your
textbook. When reviewi
[ Chapter 1. Homeostasis ]
Physiology : study of function / different approach regional, systemic
Ex) pathophysiology, neurophysiology, oncology
Level of organization: atom>molecules>cells>tissues>organs>organ systems>organism
Regulate body temperature
Osmosis and Diffusion
An optional extra credit lab to do at home
Lab Section: 153
This is an activity that you can do at home with supplies from your kitchen. It will help
to clarify the concepts discussed in class, which can sometimes be confusing.
The pH scale is based on:
a a base 10 scale linked to H+
b runs from 0 to 14
c acids are 0 to 6, bases are 8 to 14 and
. 7 is neutral
d all of these are correct
a substances that are able to
. release H+
b substances that ar
Which of the following properties does not pertain to the arterioles?
their radii cannot be changed
their walls contain a thick layer of smooth muscle
they are responsible for the distribution of blood flow to the various organs
When medical students study all of the structures in a particular area of the body as a unit (for example, all
the muscles, blood vessels, and nerves of the leg), that approach is called:
The various chemical reactio
1. Glucose is usually reabsorbed from the filtrate in the kidney back into the blood
through carrier proteins, hence, glucose in the urine is considered abnormal. What
condition below might result in glucose in the urine?
high levels of glucose in