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public group. In addition, direct contact with preweaned calves,
reptiles, amphibians, and live poultry is not appropriate for children <
5 years of age. Other animals for which contact is of increased
concern include other ruminants (eg, goats and sheep)
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60% alcohol. Visible contamination and dirt should be removed
before using hand sanitizers. Hand sanitizers are not effective when
hands are visibly dirty. Even when hand sanitizer is used, visitors
should always wash hands with soap and water as soon as
settings: Inform visitors about the risks for disease and injury before
they enter animal areas. Provide simple instructions in multiple ageand language-appropriate formats. Direct visitors to wash their
hands and assist children with hand washing immedia
and pressure might be substantially reduced if the water supply is
furnished from a holding tank; therefore, a permanent, pressurized
water supply is preferable. Hand-washing stations should be
designed so that both hands are free for hand washing by havi
nonpsittacine birds; domestic dogs, cats, rabbits, and rodents
[including mice, rats, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, and chinchillas]).
Guide, hearing assistance, or other service animals and animals used
in law enforcement: These may be used in accorda
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Zoonoses Public Health 2010;57:e165e169. 145. Talan DA, Citron
DM, Abrahamian FM, et al. Bacteriologic analysis of infected do
animals only if contact with animals can be controlled (eg, over a
barrier). Minimize use of animal areas for public activities (eg,
weddings and dances). Design transition areas for entering and
exiting animal areas with appropriate signs or other forms
Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
2003;52:642646. 156. Nemetz T, Shotts E Jr. Zoonotic diseases. In:
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from a new sourcepet gerbils: report of 2 cases and review of the
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J, Adegboyega P. Infection by Dipylidium caninum in an infant. Arch
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al. Compendium of measures to control Chlamydophila psittaci
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choriomeningitis virus infections in employees of a rodent breeding
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(H3N2) variant virus infection among attendees of an agricultural
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animals is higher among certain visitors, especially young children (ie,
those < 5 years of age), persons 65 years of age, pregnant women,
and persons with weakened immune systems. Operators and staff
members should take the following steps to maintain a
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undercooked hamburgers as major risk factors for sporadic
Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection: data from a case-control study in
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Public Veterinary Medicine 1287 Appendix 2 Hand-Washing
Recommendations to Reduce Disease Transmission from Animals in
Public Settings General Recommendations Hand washing is the most
and in nonanimal areas where food is served and consumed. Signs
should be posted that direct all visitors to hand-washing stations when
exiting animal areas. Signs with proper hand-washing instructions
should be posted at hand-washing stations and restroo