INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The following passage is adapted from an
published in 1968 by John Darley and Bibb Latane. Darley
and Latane, both professors of psychology, collaborated on research
about bystanders' responses to emergencies and crimes. Interes
William Helmreich, Professor of sociology at the City University of New
York, takes issue with the popular notion that stereotypes are always the
result of ignorance and hostility. He offers evidence that some of our
stereotypes about ethnic groups are ro
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Scott Russell Sanders is a Distinguished
Professor in the creative writing program at Indiana University. The
following passage is adapted from a book he published in 1993.
As a boy in Ohio, I knew a farm family, the Millers
Introductory Note: Steve Olson, a construction worker, lives in Madison,
WI. His essay was published in the November 6, 1989 edition of Newsweek.
Year of the Blue-Collar Guy
While the learned are attaching appropriate labels to the 1980s and speculating o
INTRODUCTORY NOTE; Charles Siebert often writes for
Harper's magazine. The following passage is adapted from an
essay published there in 1991.
WHERE HAVE ALL THE ANIMALS GONE?
I tried to visit my neighborhood zoo one afternoon last year but found it close
When Rights Collide
This selection was written by Amitai Etzioni, a professor of sociology at Columbia
University and director of the Center for Policy Research. Born in Germany in 1929,
Etzioni was educated at Hebrew University and the University of Cali
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Willard Gaylin (1925- ) is professor of clinical
psychology at Columbia University. In the following passage, he argues
against the way some people use the insights that psychoanalysis provides.
The Father Edward Flanagan Gaylin refers
WHAT TRUE EDUCATION SHOULD DO
Sydney J. Harris
When most people think of the word "education," they think of a pupil as a sort of animate
sausage casing. Into this empty casing, the teachers are supposed to stuff "education."
But genuine education, as Soc
The following passage appeared in the Chronicle of Higher Education. The author, Carl
Singleton, is responding to recommendations made in 1984 for improving the quality of
"W hat Our Education System Needs Is More F's"
I suggest that i
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: James Dannenburg lives in Kailua, Hawaii.
His essay originally appeared in the My Turn column in the
February 18, 2002, issue of Newsweek.
What I Did Was Legal, But Was It Right?
Funny how time and events can turn your world view upside
WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE, ANYWAY?
What is intelligence, anyway? When I was in the army, I received a kind of aptitude test
that all soldiers took and, against a normal of 100, scored 160. No one at the base had ever seen
a figure like that, and f
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Alfie Kohn (b. 1957) is an American author of 10
books and scores of articles. His most frequent topics include discussions of
American education and parenting. Many of Kohns pieces challenge traditional
or conventional attitudes and be
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Dr. Peggy Drexler is a research psychologist, gender
expert, and author. She published Why Alone Time Is So Important for Boys and
Girls on July 17, 2012, in The Huffington Post. The original text has been adapted
slightly to make it mo
Where Have the Children Gone?
Joshua Meyrowitz teaches communication at the University of New Hampshire. He is the author of No
Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior (1985).
About six years ago I was eating lun
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Anna Quindlen has extensive experience as a
journalist and as an author of fiction and non-fiction prose. For several years she
has been a columnist for Newsweek, publishing the following essay on July 21,
WRITE AND WRONG
Peter Hamill (b. 1935) is a freelance writer. He wrote the
following essay (here adapted) in 1983.
One of the more widely accepted maxims of modern American life was uttered on a frozen
winter afternoon during the early sixties. The late Vince Lombardi, w
The following passage appeared as the Speaking Out column in the Opinion and Commentary
section of the Christian Science Monitor. It was written by a Japanese journalist named Osamu
"Why the West Should Let Japanese Eat Whale"
Whale songs encha
INTRODUCTORYNOTE: The following passage has been adapted from a 1969 essay by
teacher and education theorist John Holt. Holt (1923—1985) taught high school English, French,
and mathematics and coached soccer and baseball at a private high school in Colora
Why Terrify the Children?
by Irene Petteys
Young children lack the knowledge, experience and emotional sophistication to deal
effectively with a problem like nuclear war. They cannot be expected to grasp the technical
details, the sociopolitical questions
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Award-winning journalist Sharon Begley is a
senior writer for Newsweek specializing in science stories. The following
passage is adapted from an article she wrote that appeared on Newsweek's
Web site in October 2007.
WHY MONEY DOESN'T B
Wendell Berry is a poet, novelist, and essayist. The following passage
was reprinted in the September 1988 issue of Harper's Magazine.
Why I Will Not Buy a Computer
Like almost everybody else, I am hooked to the energy corporations, which I do not
My thesis is admittedly extreme; it is, simply put, that competition by its very
nature is always unhealthy. This is true, to begin with, because competition and
cooperation are mutually exclusive orientations. I say this fully
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: After earning a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Chicago,
Brent Staples has reported news and has written criticism of literature, jazz, and social trends.
Since 1990 he has been a member of the editorial board of The New York
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Robert Newman is a professor of English at the
University of Utah. The following passage is adapted from an essay he
published in 1997.
THE VALUE OF SILENCE
Last summer my wife and I visited the Grand Teton and Yellowstone national park
Joseph Wood Krutch (1893-1 910) American literary and social
critic, wrote the following essay (here excerpted) in 1965.
Once when James Boswell and Dr. Johnson were discussing Boswell's greatest
weakness-drink-Boswell said it was strange that a man shoul
Right to Lie?
There does, and ought to, exist a right to lie. Not in the self-contradictory or
nonsensical sense that is sometimes said to be a right to revolution or, as Hobbes
suggested, a right not to go voluntarily to ones own executio
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Phyllis Rose has published biographies of Virginia Woolf and
Josephine Baker, as well as the book Parallel Lives: Five Victorian Marriages. The following
passage is adapted from an essay she published in 1984.
Shopping and Other Spiritu
Sergeant Friday, Where Are You?
My head is full of TV cops. I love Dragnets unflappable Joe Friday. Im
fascinated by the savvy detectives of Homicide: Life on the Street. Ive guiltily
enjoyed the wrangling of lowlifes on Cops. An innocent pe
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: C. S. Lewis was an English novelist,
literary critic, and theologian. In the following excerpt from his
1943 book Mere Christianity, Lewis argues that standards of good
and bad behavior are less variable than some people claim.
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Ellen Ruppel Shell is an associate professor
of journalism at Boston University, where she codirects the Knight Center
for Science and Medical Journalism. Her articles, which often concern
public health issues and the politics of medici