This class was tough.
She is a tough and detailed professor! My only non-A is in this course with her (A-). However, the extra effort you put into the assignments to obtain a good grade helps you remember the information and progress as a doctoral student.
You will have to know the difference between all the types of validity, including Internal, External, and Construct! Internal validity is related to how well the conclusions can be drawn for the participant or how well you can trust the independent variable affected the dependent variable. Increase internal validity by reducing extraneous variables not of interest in the experiment like performing it in a lab. External validity is related to how well the results generalize to the rest of the population. Increase external validity by performing the research in the field or in its natural environment and randomized sample selection. Construct validity is related to how appropriate the experiment truly is for the study. Operational definitions are on point, however there are a few types of construct validity; including face, content, predictive, concurrent, convergent, and discriminative validities. You must read further to understand these different forms. You will also have to know in detail about the ethics involved in experiments related to confidentiality, informed consent, and risks vs. benefits from the Belmont Report.
Hours per week:
Advice for students:
Make sure you read a big portion of the text before writing the core of the paper.