Fundamentals of Music Theory
MUS 107 (3 credits); no prerequisites
Class time & place:
Hai Tao Huang
11:00-12:15 TR L285 EPASW
L 038 EPASW
KeySignatures A melody retains its identity in any major key because the relationship between the
scaledegrrees is constant. We have found, however, that major scales can look quite dif-
, ferenr depending on what note the scale begins on (see pp. 60—62).
In Italian, scale means ladder. Imagine for a moment that the rungs of a ladder are
musical pitches. The result is a musical scale: a series of ascending or descending
pitches. On a ladder, the distance between two adjacent rungs is a step; in a scale, th
l HalfSteps and The previous chapters dealt with notation and its relationship to the keyboard. In this
5 Whole Step5 chapter, we will begin to explore two of the basic building blocks of musical structure.
; 2 Knowledge of half steps and whole steps on b
ositions of the following tied or dotted notes on the
Rhythms that feature tied or dotted notes require special attention when rel
the basic pulse. Observe the p
Working with Ties
and Dotted Notes
NateSystem This chapter presents the basic symbols for rhythm in the Western notation system.
Unlike the symbols presented in previous chapters, many of the ones you learn in this
s chapter will not be used in performing exercises. Instead, focus on the w
,7 HAP E u o
, d. Rhythm :6;
side stick (stick on rim ofsnare drum) r r r r r r r r r F F F
Notes Longer Than Most of the rhythms we have studied up until now featured the quarter note as the
i the Quarter Nate basic pul5e. We will now use the qu
Rhythm, Beat Rhythm is action in time. Whether the action is the sound of a symphony, the crash of
and Tempo a cymbal, or the ticking of a clock, it has a specific rhythm that occurs in time.
. Rhythmic notation is the system we use to indicate the number