A research method in which highly trained participants report the
contents of their conscious mental experiences.
Research aimed at improving the quality of life and solving
Learning to prevent the occurrence of an aversive stimulus by giving an
appropriate response to a warning stimulus.
Relationships between behaviors and their consequences, such as
positive reinforcement, negativ
The cognitive process that revises existing schemas to incorporate new
The transition period lasting from the onset of puberty to the beginning
The period beginning when the individual assumes
A test that measures knowledge of a particular subject.
A test designed to predict a person's potential to benefit from instruction in
a particular academic or vocational setting.
An often severe developmental disorde
A problem-solving rule or procedure th
assures that a correct solution will be f
The field that integrates computer scien
studying information processing throug
programs that appear to exhibit intellig
A mnemonic device that involves forming a term from the first letters of a
series of words that are to be recalled.
constructive recall The distortion of memories by adding, dropping, or changing details to fit a
context-dependent The tend
The minimum amount of stimulation that an individual can detect
through a given sense.
The process by which the lens of the eye increases its curvature to
focus light from close objects or decreases its curvature to focus
A series of changes in the electric
membrane that occurs after the a
Endocrine glands that secrete hor
excretion of minerals and the bod
The principle that once a neuron
neural impulse travels at
The systematic examination of collections of letters, manuscripts, tape
recordings, video recordings, or other records.
An in-depth study of an individual.
An effect of one or more variables on another variable.
activation-synthesis The theory that dreams are the by-products of the mind's attempt to make
sense of the spontaneous changes in physiological activity generated by
the brain stem during REM sleep.
A hypnotic state in which the indi