Differential Association Theory: Edwin Sutherland; through interaction with
others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for
Labeling Theory: Howard Becker; self-identity an
Ch 7 Outline
Social Stratification and Social Inequality
Social stratification is the division of society into groups arranged in a social hierarchy. Social stratification is
a characteristic of society (not individuals) and can persist over generations.
Ch 9 Outline
What Is Sex? What Is Gender?
Sex refers to an individual's membership in one of two biologically distinct categoriesmale or
female. Gender refers to the physical, behavioral, and personality traits that a group considers normal for its male a
Ch 1 Outline
Practical versus Scientific Knowledge
An important distinction can be made between the everyday actor and the social analyst. The everyday
actor has the practical knowledge needed to get through daily life, but not necessarily the scientific
Ch 14 Outline
The Sociology of Medicine, Health, and Illness
Our bodies are social objects. Conceptions of health and beauty differ across cultures. Also,
disease transmission is influenced by social patterns, since disease spreads by human contact.
Ch 16 Outline
What Is Social Change?
Sociologists define social change as the transformation of a culture over time. There are several ways that
social change can occur. One way is through a major physical event (hurricanes, earthquakes, or volcanic erupt
Ch 3 Outline
What Is Culture?
Culture is the entire way of life for a group of people (including both material and symbolic elements). It is a
lens through which one views the world and is passed from one generation to the next. It includes things such as
Ch 8 Outline
Defining Race and Ethnicity
Race is a socially defined category, based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of
people. Ethnicity is a socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or
Ch 6 Outline
Deviance is a behavior, trait, belief, or other characteristic that violates a norm and causes a negative reaction
in a group. The definition of deviance varies widely across cultures, time, and situations.
Deviance across C
Ch 4 Outline
What Is Human Nature?
The nature vs. nurture debate refers to the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of genetics and
socialization in determining individual behaviors and traits. Ultimately both sides do play a role in making us the p
Ch 15 Outline
Demography is the study of the size of, composition of, distribution of, and changes in human population.
Three basic demographic variables are fertility ratesthe average number of births per 1,000 people in the
Ch 11 Outline
Historical and Economic Changes
The earliest form of economy in the Americas was mobile hunting and gathering societies.
Others were horticultural societies, which were based on the domestication of animals, farming, and
generating a surplus
Ch 12 Outline
What Is the Family?
The U.S. Census Bureau defines family as two or more individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption living
in the same household. According to sociologists, family is defined as a social group whose members are bound
Ch 13 Outline
Studying Leisure and Recreation
Leisure refers to time that can be spent relaxing, engaging in recreation, or otherwise indulging in freely
chosen activities. Recreation includes any pleasurable activity that is refreshing and renewing for t
My present activity is decent we have many exercise machines at home so I can work out
when I need to. Nutrition that is another entire subject, I require some work on that I have quit
purchasing so much garbage however we have to ch
Right now the part of my life in balance is family, everything is as perfect as can be in
that department. My wonderful two nieces I co-raise are just growing at a rapid rate. The 9yr old
is just as smart as a whip shes in advan
Chapter 3 Quiz
The increasing presence of the Starbucks Coffee Company throughout China is a typical
example of cultural diffusion.
Culture is a guide to live our life.
In an academic honors society, why would everyone probably agree that getting "straigh