Explain the atomic structure of an atom in terms of the number of protons, electrons, and
neutrons, and explain how those numbers define atomic number and atomic mass.
Most bikes are made of Aluminum and not Gold. Why?
Properties of Matter
Relate the reactivity and stability of different families of elements to their atomic structure. Include: alkali
metals, alkaline earths, chalcogens, halogens, noble gases
Investigate properties of substances and expla
Elements and Their Symbols
Define element and identify symbols of some common elements. Include: the first 18 elements,
K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, I, Ag, Sn, Au, W, Hg, Pb, U
- An element is a PURE SUBSTANCE that CANNOT be BROKEN DOWN into
History of the Nature of Matter
Describe how historical ideas and models furthered our understanding of the nature of
matter. Include: Greek ideas, alchemy, Lavoisier
Chemistry is the science that studies MATTER,
What is MATTER?
- MATTER is anythi
Assemble or draw Bohr atomic models for the first 18 elements and group them according to
the number of outer shell electrons.
Recall that Bohr put the ELECTRONS into ORBITALS which are like CIRCLES
around the NUCLEUS.
Each ORBIT (SH
Metals, Non-Metals, Metalloids
Investigate the characteristic properties of metals, non-metals, and metalloids and classify
elements according to these properties.
Examples: ductility, conductivity of heat and electricity, lustre, reactivity
Physical and Chemical Changes
Differentiate between physical and chemical changes.
Experiment to determine indicators of chemical change. Examples: colour change, production of heat and / or
light, production of a gas or precipitate or new
Compounds, Elements, and Molecules
Compare elements to compounds. Include: atoms, molecules
We must be able to differentiate between the following terms:
- Smallest UNIT of an ELEMENT.
- Made of PROTONS, ELECTRONS and NEUTRONS
The Periodic Table
Investigate the development of the periodic table as a method of organizing elements. Include:
periods, families (groups)
As elements were being discovered, scientists were trying to CATEGORIZE and
ORGANIZE them in a way that ma
Interpret chemical formulas of elements and compounds in terms of the number of atoms of
each element. Examples: He, H 2 , O 2 , H 2 O, CO 2 , NH 3
The combination of CHEMICAL SYMBOLS that show:
- What ELEMENTS m
Progression of the Atomic Model
Investigate the historical progression of the atomic model.
Include: Dalton, Thompson, Rutherford, Bohr, quantum model
By 1808, it was widely accepted that matter was made up of ELEMENTS, which
consisted of tiny PAR