Park. In 2012, the Jerusalem Marathon drew 15,000 runners, including
1,500 from fifty countries outside Israel.
A popular non-competitive sports event is the Jerusalem March, held
annually during the Sukkot festival.
will be a new underground station (80 m (262.47 ft) deep) serving the
International Convention Center and the Central Bus Station, and is
planned to be extended eventually to Malha station. Israel Railways
operates train services to Malha train stati
Oren-Nordheim, Michael; Ruth Kark (September 2001). Jerusalem
and its Environs: Quarters, Neighborhoods, Villages, 18001948.
Wayne State University Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-8143-2909-8. The
three decades of British rule in Palestine (1917/181948) were a
"For three thousand years, Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish
hope and longing. No other city has played such a dominant role in the
history, culture, religion and consciousness of a people as has Jerusalem
in the life of Jewry and Judaism. Througho
circa 1000 BCE, it has served as the symbol and most profound
and actions by Israel designed to change the status of the Israelioccupied section of Jerusalem,."
Bisharat, George (23 December 2010). "Maximizing Rights". In
Susan M. Akram; Michael Dumper;
iv. ^ The website for Jerusalem is available in three languages
Hebrew, English, and Arabic.
v. ^ a b Much of the information regarding King David's conquest of
Jerusalem comes from Biblical accounts, but some modern-day
historians have begun to give them
, People's Daily, published 6 October 2002;
"EDITORIAL A bloody new year in Gaza". Japan Times. 4 January
2009. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
Times Online Style Guide J "Jerusalem must not be used as a
metonym or variant for Israel. It is not internation
Books. Vol.1, pp. 34. ISBN 0-521-34770-X.
Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, (3 vols.19511954,
Cambridge University Press), Penguin Books, 1965 vol. 1, pp. 34,
citing Eutychius, Michael the Syrian and Elias of Nisibin. The many
E.g., Jubilees 1:30, the Septuagint version of Jeremias 48:5 (as
Kurds, Turks. In modern history Egyptians, British, Jordanians, and
Israelis played an ever-increasing role in reorganizing the ecological
system, expanding our resources in new directions,
viii. ^ West Jerusalem comprises approximately one third of the
current municipal area of Jerusalem, with East Jerusalem
comprising approximately two thirds. On the annexation of East
Jerusalem, Israel also incorporated an area of the West Bank into
to Jerusalem, which is scheduled to be completed in 2017. Its terminus
Hebrew University include Avram Hershko, David Gross, and
Daniel Kahneman. One of the university's major assets is the Jewish
National and University Library, which hous
September 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2007.
"Main Events in the History of Jerusalem". Jerusalem: The Endless
Crusade. The CenturyOne Foundation. 2003. Retrieved 2 February
Adrian J. Boas, Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades, Routledge
2001, pp. 16,1
(52.4%). Poverty remains a problem in the city as 37% of the families
in Jerusalem lived in 2011 below the poverty line. According to a report
by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), 78% of Arabs in
Jerusalem lived in poverty in 2012, u
"Chart of the population of Jerusalem". Focusonjerusalem.com.
Retrieved 11 September 2010.
Tamari, Salim (1999). "Jerusalem 1948: The Phantom City".
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September 2006. Retrieved 2 Febr
"Introduction". The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Expedition.
Bar Ilan University. Retrieved 24 April 2007.[dead link] (Image located here
Archived copy at the Library of Congress (31 July 2008).)
"Map of Israel". Eye On Israel. Retrieved 25 April 20
Panorama of the Temple Mount, including Al-Aqsa Mosque, and Dome
of the Rock, from the Mount of Olives
Vast detailed panorama from a secret roof top
i. ^ In other languages: official Arabic in Israel:
rshalm-Al Quds (combining the
Scopus and the Old City's Armenian Quarter, and concludes at Sacher
Yitzhak Navon (19212015), politician (fifth President of Israel),
diplomat, and author
Yitzhak Rabin (192295), general, the fifth Prime Minister of
Israel, and Nobel Peace Pr
International Publishing Group, 2002, p. 23.
Binz, Stephen J. (2005). Jerusalem, the Holy City. Connecticut,
USA.: Twenty-Third Publications. p. 2. ISBN 9781585953653. Retrieved
17 December 2011.
G. Johannes Bottereck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry
Ken Ellingwood (4 June 2007). "Change cast in concrete". Los
Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
Laub, Karin (2 December 2006). "Jerusalem Barrier Causes Major
Upheaval". The Associated Press via The Washington Post. Retrieved 10
Beshara, Doumani. (1995). Rediscovering Palestine: Egyptian
rule, 18311840 University of California Press.
Encyclopaedia Judaica, Jerusalem, Keter, 1978, Volume 9, "State of
Israel (Historical Survey)", pp. 304306
Jerusalem: Illustrated History Atlas M
1, 67. ISBN 0-8423-5508-1.
Merling, David (26 August 1993). "Where is the Ark of the
Covenant?". Andrew's University. Retrieved 22 January 2007.
Richard A. Freund,Digging Through the Bible: Modern
Archaeology and the Ancient Bible, p. 9, at Google Books
Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 11 September
KERSHNER, Isabel (17 October 2008). "Symbol of Peace Stands at
Divide Between Troubled Jerusalem's East and West". New York Times.
Retrieved 18 October 2008.
Dumper, Michael (15 Ap
Josephus (37100), Jewish-Roman historian
James the Just (d. 69), Jewish-Christian Bishop of Jerusalem
Simon bar Kokhba (d. 135), leader of the Bar Kokhba revolt
against the Roman Empire in 132 CE
al-Muqaddasi (9461000), Arab geographer
"About The Festival". Jerusalem Film Festival. Retrieved 20 July
Rosenblum, Irit. "Haareez Biblical Zoo favorite tourist site in
2006". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
Lis, Jonathan. "Jerusalem Zoo is Israel's number one tourist
elementary school and up, that combine secular and religious studies.
Numerous religious educational institutions and Yeshivot, including
some of the most prestigious yeshivas, among them the Brisk, Chevron,
Midrash Shmuel and Mir, are based in the city,
"Israel was first forged into a unified nation from Jerusalem some
3,000 years ago, when King David seized the crown and united the
twelve tribes from this city. For a thousand years Jerusalem was
the seat of Jewish sovereignty, the household site of kin
Meir Ben-Dov, Historical Atlas of Jerusalem, Continuum
7,000-YEAR-OLD TOWN UNEARTHED IN JERUSALEM
Newsweek, Feb 17, 2016
Freedman, David Noel (1 January 2000). Eerdmans Dictionary of
the Bible. Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 69495. ISBN 0-8028-24005.
"TABLE 3. POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING
ABOVE 2,000 RESIDENTS AND OTHER RURAL POPULATION ON
31/12/2008" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26
"Press Release: Jerusalem Day" (PDF). Central Bureau of
direct prefectural control of his territories
Josephus, Jewish War, 7:1:1
Elizabeth Speller, Following Hadrian: A Second-Century Journey
Through the Roman Empire, p. 218, at Google Books, Oxford University
Press, 2004, p. 218
Lehmann, Clayton Miles. "P
the Bagrut matriculation exams, so that much of their curriculum
parallels that of other Israeli high schools and includes certain Jewish
See also: Beitar Jerusalem F.C., Hapoel Jerusalem B.C., Jerusalem
Marathon, and Jerusalem March