Park. In 2012, the Jerusalem Marathon drew 15,000 runners, including
1,500 from fifty countries outside Israel.
A popular non-competitive sports event is the Jerusalem March, held
annually during the Sukkot festival.
"Introduction". The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Expedition.
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Panorama of the Temple Mount, including Al-Aqsa Mosque, and Dome
of the Rock, from the Mount of Olives
Vast detailed panorama from a secret roof top
i. ^ In other languages: official Arabic in Israel:
rshalm-Al Quds (combining the
Scopus and the Old City's Armenian Quarter, and concludes at Sacher
Yitzhak Navon (19212015), politician (fifth President of Israel),
diplomat, and author
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USA.: Twenty-Third Publications. p. 2. ISBN 9781585953653. Retrieved
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Divide Between Troubled Jerusalem's East and West". New York Times.
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Dumper, Michael (15 Ap
Josephus (37100), Jewish-Roman historian
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against the Roman Empire in 132 CE
al-Muqaddasi (9461000), Arab geographer
"About The Festival". Jerusalem Film Festival. Retrieved 20 July
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2006". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
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(52.4%). Poverty remains a problem in the city as 37% of the families
in Jerusalem lived in 2011 below the poverty line. According to a report
by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), 78% of Arabs in
Jerusalem lived in poverty in 2012, u
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will be a new underground station (80 m (262.47 ft) deep) serving the
International Convention Center and the Central Bus Station, and is
planned to be extended eventually to Malha station. Israel Railways
operates train services to Malha train stati
Oren-Nordheim, Michael; Ruth Kark (September 2001). Jerusalem
and its Environs: Quarters, Neighborhoods, Villages, 18001948.
Wayne State University Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-8143-2909-8. The
three decades of British rule in Palestine (1917/181948) were a
"For three thousand years, Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish
hope and longing. No other city has played such a dominant role in the
history, culture, religion and consciousness of a people as has Jerusalem
in the life of Jewry and Judaism. Througho
circa 1000 BCE, it has served as the symbol and most profound
and actions by Israel designed to change the status of the Israelioccupied section of Jerusalem,."
Bisharat, George (23 December 2010). "Maximizing Rights". In
Susan M. Akram; Michael Dumper;
iv. ^ The website for Jerusalem is available in three languages
Hebrew, English, and Arabic.
v. ^ a b Much of the information regarding King David's conquest of
Jerusalem comes from Biblical accounts, but some modern-day
historians have begun to give them
, People's Daily, published 6 October 2002;
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metonym or variant for Israel. It is not internation
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citing Eutychius, Michael the Syrian and Elias of Nisibin. The many
E.g., Jubilees 1:30, the Septuagint version of Jeremias 48:5 (as
Kurds, Turks. In modern history Egyptians, British, Jordanians, and
Israelis played an ever-increasing role in reorganizing the ecological
system, expanding our resources in new directions,
viii. ^ West Jerusalem comprises approximately one third of the
current municipal area of Jerusalem, with East Jerusalem
comprising approximately two thirds. On the annexation of East
Jerusalem, Israel also incorporated an area of the West Bank into
to Jerusalem, which is scheduled to be completed in 2017. Its terminus
Hebrew University include Avram Hershko, David Gross, and
Daniel Kahneman. One of the university's major assets is the Jewish
National and University Library, which hous
elementary school and up, that combine secular and religious studies.
Numerous religious educational institutions and Yeshivot, including
some of the most prestigious yeshivas, among them the Brisk, Chevron,
Midrash Shmuel and Mir, are based in the city,
"Israel was first forged into a unified nation from Jerusalem some
3,000 years ago, when King David seized the crown and united the
twelve tribes from this city. For a thousand years Jerusalem was
the seat of Jewish sovereignty, the household site of kin
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Battle for the Holy City. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 2829.
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December 1948, Prime Minister Ben-Gurion claimed Jerusalem as part
of Israel and eight days later the Israeli Knesset declared
Matan Vilnai (born 1944), Minister of Science, Culture & Sport,
Minister of Science and Technology, Minister for Home Front
Defense, Ambassador to China, IDF Major General
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