Audio for Brody
Slide 1: Brodys approach to the abortion controversy hinges on the importance of humanity.
Brody is therefore a speciesist, one whose highest moral value is always found in a human
Slide 2: The crucial difference between these two a
Audio Script for Gonzales v. Carhart
Its now time to consider a more recent United States Supreme Court
decision pertaining to abortion. The Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003
was passed by the US Congress and signed into law. Dr. Carharts la
Some Conceptual Analysis of the Language
of Roe v. Wade
There are "important state interests in the area of health and
There is also " the state's interest-some phrase it in terms of
duty-in protecting prenatal life."
".As long as at l
Audio for Kass RTD
Slide 1: We now move to another discussion by our old friend, Leon Kass. This time, its about
whether or not there is a right to die.
Slide 2: Here Kass notes that we have come to speak the language of rights by popular
Audio for Cruzan
Slide 1: This case considered the plight of a young woman who had been severely brain-damaged
in a car accident and maintained in a persistent vegetative state for more than five years. Her
parents wished to have her feeding tube life sup
Audio for Oregon
Slide 1: We now move to discussion of the law which made physician-assisted suicide legal in the
state of Oregon.
Slide 2: For the first time in the United States, legal permission was given to doctors to write a
prescription for a lethal
Audio for Schiavo Mini-Lecture
Slide 1: This lecture examines the difficult and protracted battle over a
female, brain-damaged patient in Florida, Terri Schiavo. It was a very
public look at euthanasia, and received intense media coverage, nationally
Audio for Bergstedt
Slide 1: We move now to the discussion of an extremely important court case which demonstrates
that all of our distinctions between various kinds of euthanasia are much more than merely
academic. In this Nevada case, which label fit th
Biology 218 Human Anatomy
Days / Time:
MIDTERM EXAM 4 Lecture MTX4
MW 5:00 PM 9:20 PM
The Germ layers are responsible for the development of all cells, tissues, organs and systems in the
Audio for US Supreme C PAS Cases
Slide 1: We move now to discussion of two fairly recent US Supreme Court cases. They both
examine whether a right to assistance in medical suicide can be established. They were decided
at the same time.
Slide 2: The court
Audio for Kinds of Euthanasia
Slide 1: (The Whole Diagram)
We begin now to examine the vast controversy in the euthanasia debate. This diagram will
categorize several euthanasia types, and assist you in learning to identify the names of the types
Suggested Lecture Outline
2. The food we eat is our only source of energy for performing biological work.
3. There are three major metabolic destinations for the principle nutrients. They
will be used for energ
Audio for Callahan
Slide 1:We move now to discuss an interesting commentary focused on voluntary active
euthanasia. The title conveys Callahans theory that too narrow a focus on self-determination
alone can lead to mistaken conclusions.
Slide 2: Voluntary
Audio for Gert
Slide 1: We move now to a discussion of many different kinds of euthanasia. It is critical for you
to understand the concepts involved here, since there will be a requirement for this on the second
test, at the end of the semester.
Audio Script for Gonzales v. Oregon Mini-lecture
Slide 1: In this lecture, well take a brief look at yet another United States
Supreme Court case concerned with euthanasia. This time, it involves
physician-assisted suicide, which is categorized academical
Final Exam Review Questions
Given that $4,482 is deposited into a savings account at
4% interest, compounded annually. To the nearest year,
how long will it take for the account balance to reach
Use the Rule of 78 to comp
U.S. Supreme Court, City of Akron v. Akron Center, 1983
Justice OConnor, Dissenting
The Roe framework, then, is clearly on a collision course with itself. Just as
improvements in medical technology inevitably will move forward the point at
which the State
Audio for Gregory
Slide 1: The next theory which poses an argument against abortion studies the context of
inhumane treatment. The Gregory article about fetuses can be looked at as perhaps a chapter in
a larger book about inhumane treatment in general.
Abortion Arguments: Short Forms
The Constitution protects persons.
Fetuses are not persons in the whole sense.
Therefore, the Constitution does not protect fetuses.
Is the following claim also included?
Gregory's Inhumane Treatment Argument
Critical claim: Physically-sentient creatures ought not be treated
Fetuses older than 8 weeks are physically-sentient in ever-increasing
Therefore, fetuses older than 8 weeks ought not be aborted
The Structure and Terms of Marquis Argument:
It is wrong to kill any being with a future like
A standard fetus has a future like ours.
Therefore, it is wrong to kill a standard fetus.
(Notice that his terms are not speciesist and do
not depend on pe
J. J. Thomson, In Defense of Abortion
Philosophy and Public Affairs , 1971
Thomsons compromise: Some abortions are justified killings of a
Note well: She grants, for the sake of argument, that the fetus is in
fact a person. But fetal personhood is
Gonzales v. Carhart
U.S. Supreme Court, 2007
Justice Kennedy, (for the majority)
Issue: Validity of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, the third
ban by the U.S. Congress, signed into law by President G.W. Bush.
Controversy: The 2nd trimester proc
Slide 1: Our next project is to study a well-known, almost classic defense of some circumstances
of abortion. Dr. Judith Thomson is the only author in our examination of the abortion controversy
who writes before passage of the landmark abor
Brodys Theory on the Essence of Humanity
Brodys 1975 theory focuses on humanity rather than personhood.
What is it that makes a human being human, after all? If we can answer
this question, it might shed some light on the status of the fetus.
First, he re
What is a photosynthetic autotroph, eukaryotic, multicellular organism of the kingdom plantae
characteristically producing embryos, containing chloroplasts and having cellulose cell walls?
This includes Mosses, Ferns, Conifers, Flowering plants.
Audio for Marquis
We now look at our first argument opposing abortion. Though published some time ago,
Marquis' theory has become a classic portion of almost all bioethics textbooks.
Slide 2: Here Marquis reveals his main thesis and how he plans
Audio for Roe
Slide 1: We begin our discussion of the controversial abortion debate by looking at the
language of the US Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion in 1973. In Roe, we find
some conflicting, confusing language that must be studied if w
Audio for Abortion Arguments
Slide 1: Now well look at some formal arguments with premises and a conclusion. They
summarize some of the arguments weve already discussed, and their short form should make
them easy to remember.
Slide 2: This slide summarize