The US vs International
Why do women earn less?
Production characteristics may differ:
Job responsibilities may differ (e.g. fewer hours, less travel).
Women may have to change jobs (tied movers) or may be tied to
The earnings gap
In the US women who work full-time earn, on average, around 80
percent of mens average full-time wage.
If we include control variables, the earnings
gap reduces to 92 percent.
One of the controls that capture the most is Occupational
Are Womens Gains Mens Losses?
Are Womens Wage Gains Mens Losses? A Distributional Test
The 1980s were a decade of remarkable economic progress for
women. After a decade of hovering in the low 60 percents, the ratio of
female to male median hourly earning
Women on Boards notes
Catalyst was founded in 1962.
Goal in 1962:
To bring to our countrys needs the unused capacities of
educated women who want to combine family and work.
Same goal today.
Provides research, organizes events, hands out awa
Using microdata for 22 countries over the 1985-94 period, we find
that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net
supply are both associated with a lower gender pay gap, with an
especially large effect for wage structures. Reduced-for
International Wage Comparison notes
Virtually every industrialized country has passed laws
mandating the equal treatment of women in the labor market.
Yet the gender wage gap, while on the decline in many
countries, is a persistent feature
Flexibility and the earnings gap
As flexibility becomes easier and cheaper to provide, this premium
will decrease and the gender gap will decrease even more.
Goldin argues that many men will also benefit from more flexibility
But not necessarily the sa
Grand Gender Convergence notes
A Grand Gender Convergence: Its Last Chapter
The converging roles of men and women are among the grandest
advances in society and the economy in the last century.
These aspects of the grand gender convergence are figurativ
Wage Gap by Occupation
Gender Gaps in Earnings over the Life-Cycle and by Occupation
Even though there are many ways to measure the degree of
gender equality in the economy, the one that stands out is
earnings, particularly earnings per unit time or the
Potential Biases: Technology Occupations
lowest residual gender gaps
few women in industry
I use the National Survey of College Graduates, 2003 to explore if
women with technology degrees have different labor force
participation rates than those
In the Aggregate and Over the Life-Cycle
In the Aggregate and over the Life-Cycle
The ratio of (mean) annual earnings between male and female
workers (full-time, full-year, 25-69 years) was 0.72 in 2010 and that of
the medians was 0.77.
The ratio of the