TITLE I. MARRIAGE
REQUISITES OF MARRIAGE
Article 1. Marriage is a special contract of permanent union
between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law
for the establishment of conjugal and family life. It is the foun
ARTICLE III BILL OF RIGHTS
Section 1 - No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or
property without due process of law, nor shall any person be
denied the equal protection of the laws.
1. US v Toribio
January 26, 1910
ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007
CRIMINAL LAW A branch of municipal law which
defines crimes, treats of their nature and provides for
Characteristics of Criminal Law:
1. General binding on all person
CRIMINAL LAW 1
College of Law
CRIMINAL LAW I
I. DEFINITION AND SOURCES
Criminal law is that branch or division of law
which defines crimes, treats of their nature, and
provides for their punishment.
San Beda College of Law
MEMORY AID IN CIVIL LAW
PERSONS AND FAMILY RELATIONS
I. NEW CIVIL CODE
took effect on August 30, 1950
Effectivity of laws
Laws take effect 15
days following the completion of its
Unless otherwise provided
by the law.
ical impossibility, the President of the Commonwealth appointed on July 18, 1945, the six respondents and four of those elected in December, 1940, as members of the Board.
The four petitioners, Jose Topacio Nueno, Manuel de la Fuente, Eustaquio C. Balagta
DE FACTO SEPARATION
No legal effect
Valid until annulled
Marriage bonds still subsist; Separation
by a mensa et thoro (bed and board)
Declaration of nullity
Petition for annulment
Petition for legal separation
Direct or co
RODULFO C. NIERE, petitioner,
HON. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF NEGROS OCCIDENTAL, BRANCH II, JOSE K. QUIAMBAO, and JAIME PARROCO,
City Treasurer of La Carlota City, respondents.
54 SCRA 165 Political Law Appointments Residual Power to Appoint
THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE
Declaration of Principles and State Policies
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God,
1. in order to build a just and humane society and
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I REVIEWER:
Constitution: a written instrument by which the fundamental
powers of government are established, limited, and defined, and by
which these powers are distributed among severa
A general and numerously accepted definition of political science is: The study of state,
government and politics and this study must be based on scientific principles and reasons.
Political science is, therefore, an academic discipline.
FUNDAMENTAL POWERS OF THE STATE
1. Police Power
2. Power of Eminent Domain
3. Power of tax
Law of overruling necessity it is the power of promoting public welfare by restraining and
regulating the use of liberty and property.
Basis: Public ne
SUPREME COURT REPORTS ANNOTATED
Pajuyo vs. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 146364. June 3, 2004.
COLITO T. PAJUYO, petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS
and EDDIE GUEVARRA, respondents.
Actions Appeals Pleadings
VOL. 165, SEPTEMBER 21, 1988
Catholic Vicar Apostolic of the Mt. Prov. vs. Court of
Nos. L8029495. September 21, 1988.
CATHOLIC VICAR APOSTOLIC OF THE MOUNTAIN
PROVINCE, petitioner, vs. COURT O
[No. 46240. November 3, 1939]
MARGARITA QUINTOS and ANGEL A. ANSALDO,
plaintiffs and appellants, vs. BECK, defendant and
1. COMMODATUM OBLIGATION OF THE PARTIES.
The contract entered into between the
SUPREME COURT REPORTS ANNOTATED
Republic vs. Bagtas
No. L17474. October 25, 1962.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiffappellee, vs.
JOSE V. BAGTAS, defendant, FELICIDAD M. BAGTAS,
Administratrix of the
VOL. 397, FEBRUARY 19, 2003
Producers Bank of the Philippines vs. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 115324. February 19, 2003.
PRODUCERS BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES (now FIRST
INTERNATIONAL BANK), petitioner, vs.
VOL. 146, NOVEMBER 26, 1986
Republic vs. Court of Appeals
No. L46145. November 26, 1986.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES (BUREAU OF
LANDS), petitioner, vs. THE HON. COURT OF APPEALS,
HEIRS OF DOMINGO P. BAL
VOL. 44, APRIL 27, 1972
Saura Import & Export Co., Inc. vs. Development Bank of
No. L24968. April 27, 1972.
SAURA IMPORT & EXPORT CO., INC, plaintiffappellee,
vs. DEVELOPMENT BANK OF THE PHILIP
VOL. 377, FEBRUARY 15, 2002
BPI Investment Corporation vs. Court of Appeals
G.R. No. 133632. February 15, 2002.
BPI INVESTMENT CORPORATION, petitioner, vs.
HON. COURT OF APPEALS and ALS MANAGEMENT &
Notes.It is not proper to consider an obligation
novated by unimportant modifications which do not alter
its essence. (Idolor vs. Court of Appeals, 351 SCRA 399
Novation which consists in substitutin
VOL. 518, MARCH 16, 2007
Garcia vs. Thio
G.R. No. 154878. March 16, 2007.
CAROLYN M. GARCIA, petitioner, vs. RICA MARIE S.
Loans Contracts A loan is a real contract, not consensual,
G.R. No. 154380 October 5, 2005
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner,
CIPRIANO ORBECIDO III, Respondent.
Given a valid marriage between two Filipino citizens, where one
party is later naturalized as a foreign citizen and ob
G.R. No. 152577
September 21, 2005
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioners,
CRASUS L. IYOY, Respondent.
In this Petition for Review on Certiorari under Rule 45 of the Rules of
Court, petitioner Republic of the Philippines,
Local Court in January, 1983. He claimed that there was failure of
their marriage and that they had been living apart since April, 1982.
G.R. No. 80116
June 30, 1989
IMELDA MANALAYSAY PILAPIL, petitioner,
HON. CORONA IBAY-SOMERA, in her capacity as Pr
G.R. No. 124371
November 23, 2000
PAULA T. LLORENTE, petitioner,
COURT OF APPEALS and ALICIA F. LLORENTE, respondents.
The case raises a conflict of laws issue.
What is before us is an appeal from the decision of the Court
[G.R. No. 118904. April 20, 1998]
ARTURIO TRINIDAD, petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS, FELIX
TRINIDAD (deceased) and LOURDES TRINIDAD,
In the absence of a marriage contract and a birth certificate,