Political Thought I
December 2, 2012
The U.S. Constitution and Natural Law
The United States Constitution is the foundation of the laws that govern the United
States. The framers of the Constitution felt that the rights of life, liberty, a
1. Aquinas background
a. Early years
c. Aristotle influence
e. Theory of natural law
2. The U.S. Constitution
c. Reference to natural law
3. Interpretations of the U.S. Constitution.
a. Supreme court analy
Statesmanship & Warcraft
Machiavelli believes that good laws follow naturally from a good military. His famous
statement that the presence of sound military forces indicates the presence of sound
laws describes the relationship between developing states a
Ch. 1: On Types of Principalities and how they are acquired
All states and forms of government fall into two main categories: Republics and
Principalities: Two typeso 1. Hereditary - Rulers pass down control of the territory t
Study Questions for Machiavellis The Prince
a. Why is Machiavelli dedicating the book to Lorenzo?
b. What expertise does Machiavelli claim to have?
c. How does Machiavelli insult Lorenzo?
2. Chapter One- Five:
a. What kinds of states exist?
John of Paris
John of Paris wrote On Royal and Papal Power during the controversies between the
Pope and the Emperor on the relationship of their roles. In these excerpts, he argues that
extreme versions of both positions are wrong: it is not true that th
Study Questions for Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas On Kingship
1. What is the purpose of human life?
2. Why do people need to live in a society?
3. What is the role of the king?
4. What are unjust regimes?
5. What are the just regimes?
6. Which regime is t
1. Cynics: The less you have, the less you have to lose.
Founded by Diogenes of Sinope (d. 323 BCE), this movement got its name from
kuon, dog,a reproach denoting shamelessness, audacity. However the word was also
often applied t
Exam Two Study Guide
Hellenistic Philosophies: Between death of Aristotle and the works of Cicero. From the point when
Alexander the Great dies and lasts until the Roman empire, about 400+ years.
They wanted people to live a simple and virtuous li
What does Plato tell us about political leadership and is it helpful in 21st century politics
Plato offers several ideas of what would be good and bad political leadership in his
writings. He speaks of enlightenment in the allegory of the cave and how the
Plato and Aristotles views of:
Plato, like Aristotle, believed that the universe was truly perfect. The problem with this
was that imperfections in the world are all too obvious. So Plato decided that there were really
two different realitie
Study Questions for Aristotles Nichomachean Ethics
1. What is the master science of the good?
Politics - a science controlling all the other sciences. Just as medicine controls all
the activities in the hospital from the radiation laboratory to t
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR PLATO'S GORGIAS
1. What is Gorgias' definition of rhetoric? Rhetoric is the art of very persuasive speech that
has to do with the greatest of human concerns, the art of persuasion called for "in law courts
and other public gatherings .