1) A gene is best defined as
A) a segment of DNA.
B) three nucleotides that code for an amino acid.
C) a sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for a functional product.
D) a sequence of nucleotides in RNA that codes for a functio
BIO 209 EXAM 1 Study Guide
Hooke- reported that living cells are composed of living things are composed
of little boxes, or cells
Virchow- cells arise from preexisting cells
Van Leeuwenhoek- described live microorganisms
Redi- filled w
BIO 209 EXAM III STUDY LIST
How it is how grow viruses
o possibilities for increasing quanities of viruses
Know basic things about virsues
o ex. complex virus, shape
Cell lines vs. Continuous
Know differences between infections ex. La
1) A nosocomial infection is
A) always present, but is inapparent at the time of hospitalization.
B) acquired during the course of hospitalization.
C) always caused by medical personnel.
D) only a result of surgery.
E) always caused
1) Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea is usually preceded by
A) eating contaminated food.
B) a blood transfusion.
C) extended use of antibiotics.
D) improper food storage.
E) travel to an underdeveloped country.
2) Poultry pr
1) An eight-year-old girl has scabs and pus-filled vesicles on her face and throat. Three weeks earlier she
had visited her grandmother, who had shingles. What infection does the eight-year-old have?
1) A child falls and suffers a deep cut on her leg. The cut went through her skin and she is bleeding.
Which of the following defense mechanisms will participate in eliminating contaminating microbes?
A) mucociliary escalator
COURSE SCHEDULE: The schedule listed below schedule is an approximation. Topics might
be covered before or after the date(s) listed. The final examination date is not subject to change.
Chapter 1: The microbial world and you:
Cilia: pseudostratified columnar epithelial cells- trap bacteria and entrapped in the mucus,
where then can be coughed up
Microorganisms: unseen by the unaided eye on a cellular level
Require magnification t
Chapter 15: Microbial Mechanisms of Pathogenicity
Identify the principal portals of entry.
Pathogenicity- the ability to cause disease
Virulence- the degree or severity of pathogenicity
Portals of entry
Mucous membranes- respiratory system, gastrointe
8/23- Chapter 1 (1): The Microbial World and You
Goal- Describe several ways in which microbes affect our lives
Microorganisms- organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye
Different ways microbes affect our lives:
1. Pathogenic- disease p
Chapter 22 (1): Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Define central nervous system and bloodbrain barrier.
Central nervous system (CNS)- includes the brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)- are nerves that branch from the CNS
Chapter 6 (1): Microbial Growth
Goal- Classify microbes into five groups on the basis of preferred temperature range.
The Requirements for growth:
Physical requirements include- temperature, pH, and osmotic pressure
Each bacterial species grows at a pa
Quiz 9 11-7-14
1) Inactivated tetanus toxin is a(n)
A) conjugated vaccine.
B) subunit vaccine.
C) nucleic acid vaccine.
D) inactivated whole-agent vaccine.
E) toxoid vaccine.
2) A hybridoma results from the fusion of a(an)
A) B cell with a
1) Which of the following is NOT caused by a bacterium?
A) epidemic typhus
B) tickborne typhus
E) relapsing fever
2) A patient presents with inflammation of the heart valves, fever, malaise, and subcutaneo
BIO 209 EXAM II STUDY LIST
Chapters 8, 9,10,11,12
50 questions + extra credit
o Basic features
Major differences between rickettsias, chlamydia
Restriction enzymes & sites
Major differences between gram positive & gram ne
EXAM IV STUDY LIST
Major of action (target ribosomes, nucleic acids, cell wall)
o Antiprotozols, antivirals
bacteria static and batic sty
How penicillin works
Patient comes in to certain set up symptoms i.e. warts, anyt
BIO 209 STUDY GUIDE EXAM II
Archaea (Chapter 10)
o Cell Type- Prokaryotic
o Cell Wall- Varies in Composition, contains NO peptidoglycan
o Membrane lipids- composed of branched carbon chains attached to
glycerol by either linkage
o Often live in extreme en
EXAM IV STUDY GUIDE
o Chemotherapy: the use of drugs to treat a disease
o Antimicrobial drugs: interfere with the growth of microbes within a
o Antibiotic: a substance produced by a microbe, that, in small amounts,
Biology 152/Fall 2014
Dr. Beth Braun/EXAM II
Fill-In the Blank.
1./2. The membrane surrounding an individual bone is the
layers of bone immediately deep to this are called
3./4. The shaft of a long bone is called the _ ; it meets
of an ad
BIO EXAM III
Viruses must be grown in living cells
o Bacteriophages from plaques on a lawn of bacteria
o Animal viruses may be grown in living animals or in embryonoated
eggs or in cells cultures
Continuous cells lines
Cell Cultures1. A
1) Which of the following genera is an anaerobic gram-negative rod?
2) Which of the following is NOT an enteric?
BIO 209 EXAM III STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTER 13- Viruses, Viroids, and Prions
Obligatory intracellular parasites
Contain DNA or RNA
No ATP-generating mechanism
Contain a protein coat
Some viruses are enclosed by an envel
Chapters 1, 3-7
Anything shes emphasized
o Binomial system
Bacteriophages are viruses that infect and kill very specific kinds of harmful bacteria
and a few Archaea.
In 1900s, Felix dHerelle discovered Bacteriophages within patients recovering from
Bacillary Dysentery disease.