Chromosome theory of inheritnce- genes have specfic positions along chromosomes and it is the
chromosomes that undergo segregation and independent assortment
1. behavior of chromosomes during meiosis in F1 generation and subsequent random
Bacteriophages are viruses that infect and kill very specific kinds of harmful bacteria
and a few Archaea.
In 1900s, Felix dHerelle discovered Bacteriophages within patients recovering from
Bacillary Dysentery disease.
Chapter 6 (1): Microbial Growth
Goal- Classify microbes into five groups on the basis of preferred temperature range.
The Requirements for growth:
Physical requirements include- temperature, pH, and osmotic pressure
Each bacterial species grows at a pa
Chapter 22 (1): Microbial Diseases of the Nervous System
Define central nervous system and bloodbrain barrier.
Central nervous system (CNS)- includes the brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)- are nerves that branch from the CNS
8/23- Chapter 1 (1): The Microbial World and You
Goal- Describe several ways in which microbes affect our lives
Microorganisms- organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye
Different ways microbes affect our lives:
1. Pathogenic- disease p
Chapter 15: Microbial Mechanisms of Pathogenicity
Identify the principal portals of entry.
Pathogenicity- the ability to cause disease
Virulence- the degree or severity of pathogenicity
Portals of entry
Mucous membranes- respiratory system, gastrointe
Chapter 34-B: Blood & Gas Exchange
What is plasma, and what are the major components of plasma?
- Liquid component of blood in which red and white blood cells and platelets are suspended in.
- 55% of blood is made of plasma. The remaining 45 is c
Lectures 6 and 7Muscle I and II
Muscle is primary adult tissue types
o All muscle derives from embryonic mesoderm
o All types are excitable (can generate an action potential)
o All types are specialized for contraction
Can cause movement
o Called fibers
Lecture 1Intro to HSAF
Anatomy: unambiguous structure of the human body
Physiology: study of function of an anatomical structure
o Central unifying goal of physiologies: maintain homeostasis of the internal
o Homeostasis (Bernard and Cannon)
Neural tube develops into brain and cranial nerves
o Develop from the anterior (rostral) end of the neural tube
o Major cell types found in these structures are neurons and glia
o A 4-week human embryo showing the anterior end of the
Chapter 1: The microbial world and you:
Cilia: pseudostratified columnar epithelial cells- trap bacteria and entrapped in the mucus,
where then can be coughed up
Microorganisms: unseen by the unaided eye on a cellular level
Require magnification t
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The study of the
s between living
species and their
Niche and Population
utilization of bioti
Q1: Which muscle is
skeletal, cardiac, or
Q2: Which blood cells
would you expect to find
in a frog? Disadvantage?
Q3: Nervous tissue and
blood vessels pass
through the _
Q4: What type of
Urochordata (Tunicata) invertebrate
we will examine seven
classes here (has vertebral column)
1 & 2 part of early development - gastrulation
ribosome promotes protein synthesis.
tRNA serves as adaptor molecule, recognizes messenger RNA, has the job of bringing along the right
There are differences between eukaryote ribosomes and eukaryote ribosome.
Both have a large and
COURSE SCHEDULE: The schedule listed below schedule is an approximation. Topics might
be covered before or after the date(s) listed. The final examination date is not subject to change.
1) A child falls and suffers a deep cut on her leg. The cut went through her skin and she is bleeding.
Which of the following defense mechanisms will participate in eliminating contaminating microbes?
A) mucociliary escalator
1) An eight-year-old girl has scabs and pus-filled vesicles on her face and throat. Three weeks earlier she
had visited her grandmother, who had shingles. What infection does the eight-year-old have?
1) Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea is usually preceded by
A) eating contaminated food.
B) a blood transfusion.
C) extended use of antibiotics.
D) improper food storage.
E) travel to an underdeveloped country.
2) Poultry pr
1) A nosocomial infection is
A) always present, but is inapparent at the time of hospitalization.
B) acquired during the course of hospitalization.
C) always caused by medical personnel.
D) only a result of surgery.
E) always caused
BIO 209 EXAM III STUDY LIST
How it is how grow viruses
o possibilities for increasing quanities of viruses
Know basic things about virsues
o ex. complex virus, shape
Cell lines vs. Continuous
Know differences between infections ex. La
1) A gene is best defined as
A) a segment of DNA.
B) three nucleotides that code for an amino acid.
C) a sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for a functional product.
D) a sequence of nucleotides in RNA that codes for a functio
Quiz 9 11-7-14
1) Inactivated tetanus toxin is a(n)
A) conjugated vaccine.
B) subunit vaccine.
C) nucleic acid vaccine.
D) inactivated whole-agent vaccine.
E) toxoid vaccine.
2) A hybridoma results from the fusion of a(an)
A) B cell with a
Chapters 1, 3-7
Anything shes emphasized
o Binomial system
BIO 209 EXAM III STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTER 13- Viruses, Viroids, and Prions
Obligatory intracellular parasites
Contain DNA or RNA
No ATP-generating mechanism
Contain a protein coat
Some viruses are enclosed by an envel
1) Which of the following genera is an anaerobic gram-negative rod?
2) Which of the following is NOT an enteric?