Over the past year nationwide controversy has sparked over the story of
Marlise Munoz, a Texas woman who was 14 weeks pregnant when she was ruled
braindead or legally dead. Prior to her death she had indicated that i
College of Arts and Humanities
Contemporary Moral Issues
Exam 1 and 2 Information
What is the main point of the article? What position is the author
How does the author argue for that position?
Is this article re
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Part 2
Thursday May 16, 1:30-3:30 PM
1. Suicide can be both rational and morally permissible. Evaluate this claim.
Mere living is not good, but living well. Accordingly, the wise man will live as
long as he ought, not as lo
David Luban, Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb
The ticking-bomb scenario is a picture that bewitches us and is an intellectual fraud. If we
can see past this, and look at the real questions
about torture, it is suspected that few
PHIL140 Essay 2: Voluntary Active Euthanasia
1. Formulate and explain Dan Brocks argument in favor of the claim that voluntary
active euthanasia is morally permissible. Set out a plausible objection to this
argument. Say how a proponent of Brocks argument
If you argue that factory farming or medical testing with animals is
okay on the grounds that they are not cognitive beings like we are, then how
would you address cognitively impaired humans or infants?
PHIL140 Exam 2 Study Guide
With explicit dissent from patient that he doesnt want to be euthanized
Dissent + action (active) or dissent + inaction (passive)
No consent or dissent was given.
Exam One Study Guide
DEFINITIONS: You should be able to define and give examples for the following notions
definition: Relates to the structure of the argument. An argument is valid if there is
no situation in which all of the pre
Morality of Capital Punishment
As the United States grows and matures into a more civilized society, constituents often
question the morality of existing laws. Capital punishment has been the subject of debate for the
past three decades on whether it viol
The Pursuit of Happiness: What Defines a Good Life?
As human beings, the quality of our lives are ultimately determined by our emotions.
Throughout the course of history, many philosophers have contested whether hedonism, Desirefulfillment Theory, or the
3. Formulate and explain Tooleys argument in favor of the claim that infanticide is
morally permissible. Set out a plausible objection to this argument. Say how a proponent
of Tooleys argument could respond to this objection.
Michael Tooley claims that ab
-Raising and slaughtering animals for food causes horrific suffering to the animals.
-There are easily available alternative sources of protein that do not cause animal suffering
Response: Some animals (probably) do not suffer
If I (alone) stop eating meat, it wont change the industry
-one tortured puppy4 desserts
Some amount of anti-meat eaters can change the industry
So if you stop eating chicken you have only a 1/10000 chance of lowering chicken production
PHIL 140.01 Contemporary Moral Problems: Life and Death
Thursday May 16, 1.30 pm to 3.30 pm
Answer four questions.
Allow 30 minutes each, and aim to write 3-4 pages for each.
No written or other materials may be consulted during this exam.
Female circumcision/genital mutilation and ethical relativism. (Focus on Violence)
Second Opinion | October 01, 1994 | Kopelman, Loretta M.
IN NORTHERN AFRICA AND SOUTHERN ARABIA MANY girls undergo ritual surgery involving removal of
parts of their extern
-Policy involving hiring/ promotion/ college admissions
-Aimed at increasing representation of some group that is (has been) discriminated against
-Strong: some preference
(some preference to less qualified
Premise 1. Each person has a right to the use of his/her own body.
Premise 2. Fetus has a right to life.
1. Fetus has a right to life (Marquis)
2. One persons right to life outweighs another persons right to the use of her own body.
(Key to pro-
-Human being (biological, living member) vs person (a thinking being with
-Life begins at conception
-Future like ours of value
Why is it wrong to kill people?
-Take away their future life experiences
Wrong to kil
-Generally for people who are terminally ill to put them out of their misery
-Voluntary: Person chooses to die
-Non-voluntary: Incapable of expressing their will to live/to die
-Involuntary: person does not want to die
1. If criminal deserves capital punishment, then it is ok for us to inflict. (retribute)
lex talionis criminal deserves something done to him (eye for an eye)
-Hegal-restoring equality between criminal and victim
-Kant-criminals authorizes his own punishm
Definitions of terrorism
Instrumental or expressive?
Is terrorism ever justified?
Extra-judicial treatment of
Definitions of terrorism
Evaluative or descriptive? (c.f. murder)
Violence or threat to achie
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
Thursday May 16, 1:30-3:30 PM
1. Is capital punishment unjust? Justify your answer.
Capital punishment is a legal process where a person is put to death by the state as
punishment for a crime.
A form of punishment intentio
Yale Kamisar: Against Legalizing
withdrawal of patients life-sustaining treatment
with his consent
withdrawal of patient's life-sustaining treatment
without his consent
someone other t
The President's Council on
Bioethics (Bush) on Embryonic
Stem Cell Research
I. Some background information
Stem cells have the remarkable potential to
develop into many different cell types in the
body during early life and growth. (NIH
Stem Cell Basics)
Peter Singer: from Animal Liberation
I. Singer's main conclusion: [T]he basic elementthe taking into account of
the interests of the being, whatever those
interests may bemust, according to
the principle of equality, be extended to
all beings, black or wh
Mary Anne Warren: On the
Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
I. Warrens Project
[I]t is possible to show that, on the basis of intuitions which we may expect even to opponents of abortion to share, a fetus is not a person, and hence not the sort of entity
Judith Jarvis Thomson: "A Defense of Abortion"
I. Thomson's Project
Thomson grants for the sake of argument the premise
that a fetus is a person from the moment of conception. (pg. 267)
She challenges the idea that one can argue effectively
from this prem
Jeremy Bentham, from An Introduction to the Metaphysics of Morals and Legislation and John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism
Consequentialism: The rightness of an action is