Lecture XVI Religion and Ideology
Why are people drawn to religious belief?
a. Find personal meaning
b. To cope with difficulties and ugliness in the world
c. To find community be a part of something larger than themselves
d. To make the world a better
Lecture XV Nationalism and Civilizations
Identity and layers of identification
a. who we understand ourselves to be
b. how others see and recognize us
a. Cultural factors: language, ethnicity, religion.
Lecture XIV Insights From Psychology
Do people inherently enjoy violence?
a. Football, cage fighting, movies (think of the Romans!)
b. Watching violence is one thing, participating in it is another
b.i. Are otherwise ordinary people, inclined to commit
Lecture XII Constructivism
a. Understanding of self
Recognition by other
c. Role identitystudents help construct my identity as Professor
d. Absent the social context, identity is meaningless
a. First encounter t
Lecture XIII Feminism
What is gender?
a. Sex versus gender roles and characteristics Does gender refer to something
biological or socially constructed? Or both. (Tickners view: For feminists,
warrior-citizenship is neither a negative, unavoidable chara
Lecture X Integration
Capitalism versus communism during the Cold War
a. Socialist countries:
a.i. Mainly closed to the outside worldautarkic in this sense
a.ii. Top down command economiesmost of the production was owned by
the states central planners
Lecture X Democratic Peace
Do you feel like liberal peoples are more peace-like? Generic Arguments:
a.i. They espouse norms of peaceful conflict resolution.
a.ii. People pay for war
a.iii. People more concerned with making money
a.iv. market pl
4/17/2014- Rosseaus Inequality
Thursday, April 17, 2 014
Rousseau's Pilisophical Method
1. Critical: Calling into questions the necessity of prevailing political arrangements
2. Evolutionary: Explaining politca phenomena through reference to a his
Lecture VIII Cooperation under Anarchy
Stag Hunt (Assurance game)
Harmony: complete congruence of interests and preferences. Cooperation: some
conflict of inte
Lecture VII on Arms Control
Why states value weapons?
a. Defenseevery state has the right to defend itself
c. Coercionthreaten a stateor inflicting pain until that state complies
e. Prestigestatus symbol.
Lecture VI on the Security Dilemma
What is the security dilemma?
a. Status-quo versus revisionist states
b. Perception and misperception
c. Cycle of fear
d. Arms race all are less secure
e. Status quo states can turn into aggressors.
Brief overview of alienation
Alienation from the product he produces:
Alienation from labor:
Alienation from the human race:
Alienation from man to man:
To sum up: Man gives up ownership of ones own labor means he gives up the chance to