World of Greeks
Myth is like history in that it is set in the past, it is organized by the passage of time, it is set in
Heinrich Schliemann- rediscovered the site of Troy, the son of a protestant minister.
Archaeology- the rec
Wonder women, the Amazons
An alternative civilization to the Greeks
Proves the inequality of a patriarchal society
Fictional fantasy characters, were not true women.
Amazon = without a breast a false meaning or translation
Homer, the Illiad- Amazons fight
Romulus & Remus
-The twin brothers agreed to a contest to see who could 1st receive a sign from the gods as a way
to decide who should found a new city. They each believe that they were more favored by the
gods than the other. They looked to th
Penthesilea is the leader of the Amazons. The Amazons were a
tribe of female warriors who lived separately from male dominated
civilizations. This allowed them to defy the societal norms as regarding
to the depiction of sexuality and gender during the tim
Achilles is still unwilling to fight on behalf of the other Greeks, but allows Patroclus to dress in
his armor so trick the Achilles to believe that Achilles is returning to war to frighten them. He
tells Patroclus not to fight so not to diminis
The son of Laertes
Called Ulysses by the Romans
Won the armor of Achilles after his death, also takes his title of being the best of
Opposite of Achilles, values, ideals, & character.
Immortality- Achilles= Fame Odysseus= liv
Second son of Zeus and is the half-brother of his opposite Apollo. Is also a mediator, provokes
more of a connection between humans and gods unlike the separation and distinction which
The god of good times, youthful, feminine, go
Lecture Notes, Apollo
World created and is ruled by the Olympians, Zeus & his family.
Live on mt. Olympus. Apollo and Dionysus are Olympians, as are Aphrodite and Athena.
Story of creation, the 1st sky dog didnt want children, although this made them then
Heroin is a feminine version of the word hero in greek myth.
Heroines didnt have the same heroic transition of initiation, separation, and return
as men. Initiation was usually by marriage. Greek society gave women limited
3 types of women, n
Zeus of the Underworld
Does not cause death nor is he evil, but he & his queen Persephone rule the dead. Also called
Pluto- the wealth giver because of all of the gems & minerals under earth. He is invisible, grim,
& pitiless, much like the reality
Classical myth- showed the national values & traditions of the culture which created them.
Express the common values of its people.
Muses- 9 of them, were musical and inspired myth
Orpheus- famous for the mistake of turning around to look at h
Daphne was Apollo's first love. It was not brought about by
accident, but by the malice of Cupid. Apollo saw the boy playing
with his bow and arrows; and being himself elated with his recent
victory over Python, he said to him, "What have you to do with
The Age of Enlightenment
Period when myths were only seen as superstition, science now prevailed. Among a
democratic people oetry will not feed on legends or traditions or on memories of old days.
Myths justified a hierarchy structure within socie
An angry man. Child-like Swift-footed
Sees prizes as forms of victory & glory
Appears to be the story of the Trojan War, in fact shows Achilles heroism.
Trojan War: The hero is better than ordinary mortals, but is not as good as a god. He is the
Themes of the AeneidBasing Roman myth on Greek Myth
Connecting myth with history
Making Rome the hero of the poem
Aeneis- One divine parent Aphrodite, and father Anchises a Trojan. Aphrodite tricked by Zeus to
show that she too could fall to the po
HOMERIC HYMN TO DEMETER
TRANSLATED BY GREGORY NAGY
I begin to sing of Demeter, the holy goddess with the beautiful hair.
And her daughter [Persephone] too. The one with the delicate ankles,
seized. She was given away by Zeus, the
Written 409 B.C.E
Translated by Thomas Francklin
ULYSSES, King of Ithaca
NEOPTOLEMUS, son of Achilles
PHILOCTETES, son of Poeas and Companion of HERCULES
CHORUS, composed of the companions of ULYSS