Significant People, Factions, and Organizations:
Blackshirts: A paramilitary organization that Mussolini formed as the
popularity of his party grew dramatically; the Blackshirts consisted of
recruits that were ex-servicemen, middle class youths and antico
Event: Fall of France
When: May 10, 1940 - June 22, 1940.
Where: France; key areas: Paris and Vichy.
What: The Germans originally planned to send most of their forces through
Belgium and Holland, and then into France, but within months of the
Event: Evacuation of Dunkirk
When: Planning for evacuation started on May 19; evacuation started on
May 30; operation ended on June 4, 1940.
Where: Dunkirk, France
What: With the vast majority of the French army poorly-led and largely
Event: Battle of the Coral Sea
When: April 28 - May 11, 1942
Where: The Coral Sea, New Guinea
What: - After cracking the Japanese naval codes, the Americans learned of
their plans to capture Port Moresby, New Guinea, which would allow them
to launch air r
Event: Battle of Britain
When: July 10, 1940 - September, 1940 (when the Blitz began).
Where: Across Britain; London.
What: The Battle of Britain was the war in the air between the two opposing
airforces: the British Royal Air Force and the German Luftwaf
Event: Battle of Leyte Gulf
When: October 23-26, 1944
Where: Leyte Gulf, the Philippines.
What: - The largest naval battle in history, lasting for 3-5 days in Leyte Gulf
between the American Pacific Fleet and the Imperial Navy.
- 282 warships were involve
Event: Battle of Midway
When: June 4, 1942
Where: Midway Island
What: - This was a Japanese plan involving the majority of the Imperial
Fleet in two-prong attack. The main thrust would be against the American
base on Midway Island, the capture of which wo
Event: Winter War
When: November 30, 1939 - March 12, 1940
Where: Eastern Finland.
What: - During the period of the Phoney War, Russias Red Army invaded
Finland in order to secure the territory, and more importantly, the ports in
the region that were cont
National Ideologies, Types of Government, and Aims/Views:
Anti-Semitism: In Nazi Germany, anti-Semitism was an intense hatred of
the Jewish people and the Jewish culture, and this attitude was strongly
fuelled and encouraged by Hitler and his Nazi party.
Kapp Putsch: An attempt to overthrow the German state by reactionaries
within the army in 1920; these reactionaries were successful in taking
control of Berlin and making von Kapp the chancellor. However, a general
strike of the workers soon
Event: Invasion of Poland
When: September 1 - October 6, 1939 (When all organized Polish
Where: Poland; key areas: Warsaw and Brest-Litovsk.
What: In the invasion of Poland, the Germans had major advantages in
terms of their tactics, as