The Colony on the Red River
1) Thomas Douglas was the Fifth Earl of Selkirk, director of the HBC, and also a
liberal democrat. He was troubled about the plight of poor tenant farmers in his
native Scotland, but he was able to solve the problem by using hi
Upper Canada was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791 that split the former
colony of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada
This act was made by the king
The arrival of United Empire Loyalists following the American Revolution was the
The Northwest in 1800
130 ~ 134)
HBC was founded in the year, 1670
Ruperts land included all lands drained by rivers flowing into Hudson Bay
3. Stay by the bay policy was where the HBC built trading posts at the mouths
of rivers, on the shore
The Native Peoples of the Northwest
Ojibwa, the Assiniboine, the Cree, and the Chipewyan.
The Inuit tribes
Middleman is a person who acts as a dealer between two parties who want to exchange
The native people became dependent on the trading posts fo
The Colony of British Columbia and Confederation
35000 prospectors arrived in BC
Gold ran out in mid 1860s
Colonial office in Britain agrees to unite.
Britain didnt want to provide large subsidies to keep colonies running because of
The Metis in the Northwest
(pg. 172 ~
1. The life in the Northwest was good for the Metis since they were finally allowed to
recreate their traditional settlement patterns, their farmland patterns (10 chains
across and two miles deep), and their trad
The Red River Settlement Between 1860 and 1870
The most noticeable change in the Red River area after 1860 was the wave of
arrival of Canadians moving west into the Red River Valley.
Most of the new comers to the Red River were Protestant and member
The Metis Flee Westward
1. The Metis benefited from the Manitoba Act because their rights finally became
protected under the new legislation such as preservation of their traditional
languages and provision of two education systems-Roman Ca
Chapter 1 (Sheet #2)
1. One hectare is 10000 m sq
2. A) It took close to one year to clear one hectare of land
B) It took 20 or more years to clear a 25-hectare land.
3. Living in the 1820s Canada would be very unpleasant since
A) I would b
Chapter 1 (Sheet #1)
1. The settlers were attracted to cheap land.
2. Quebecs economy was mainly based on farming practices that endured for
hundreds of years.
3. A) Montreal was the trading capital of Canada.
B) Scottish and American entre