Spatial Cognition and STEM Education: What, When, and Why? By David H. Uttal
He thinks that spatial reasoning is useful for STEM fields.
o Spatial ability strongly predicts STEM achievement
o But why?
You can only look at correlation data.
o Is s
Language and CogSci
o Language one of the most persuasive arguments to launch cognitive revolution
o Language uniquely human
o Language exemplifies interdisciplinary nature of cog sci
Experimental psychology (psycholinguistics)
Reasoning and Decision Making
o Reasoning- going beyond given information to reach new conclusions
o Decision making
o Tension between what is rational (what we should do) and what we actually do.
Cog Sci 211 04/12/2012
Problem Solving and Mental Models
What are problems?
o Any situation where there is a goal-state that has not yet been reached
o And where a solution is not immediately available
Hanging a picture on a wall
Planning a birthday pa
Categorization and Conceptual Structure II
o Last time: How do we categorize? How are concepts organized in the mind?
Objects (tangible objects: fruits, cats, etc.)
Similarity of independent features (ex: our concept of a cat is that there are
Mitsy the cat:
o What color is Mitsys fur?
Last time: either analog or propositional
Does Mitsy have teeth?
How do we answer a question like this?
We reason in general terms. We know things about Mitsy by virtue
of her being a cat.
Concepts and Categ
Mental Representation: Analogs and Propositions
o How is information thats stored in long term memory represented? What form do
Dual-code theory: verbal and visual codes
Reminiscent of, b
Memory: Structure and Processes
o Central to cognitive processing. Underlies everything in this class basically
Deliver relevant knowledge when needed (ex: knowing where I put my car
keys when I need to know that)
Relating new events to prior kno
Guest Lecture: Applied Cognitive Science Michael Horn
Tangible Interaction Design and Learning Lab (TIDAL Lab)
Tangible computer programing.
o Not a new idea. Started at MIT media lab. Almost all involved embedding
electronic components into blocks.
Self-Regulation and Judgment by Brian Sternthal
Ad: dollar shave once a month
Effectiveness of advertising depends on
o insight about content what people know and what they believe. What motivates
Target Ad: why would people go to Target?
Culture and Cognition by Katya Lysander
What we mean by culture
What is present? Probe the environment
What is useful?
o Meaning Structures
Color example (Berlin and Kay, 1969): people in these language
Cognitive Modeling by Andrew Lovett
Cognitive Modeling is
o Using a computer program (or something else) to simulate human (or something
o Modeling how people perform some task or process
Solving an equation
Learning a language
Origin of Physical Knowledge: What Babies Know about Physical Entities?
By Yin-Juei Chang
o Why physical entities?
o Origin of physical knowledge:
o More about physical entities: Quantification
o Wrap up
When you are walki
o Give speakers a display they must give a listener instructions on what to do
o Some aspects of display only available to listener (privileged), others are available
to both the speak and the listener (common)
o If listener can keep in min