100 Years War
Last medieval war, last true attempt to preserve medieval warfare (chivalry), roots of war
found in feudalism.
Not conventional war- more like organized riots
Feudalism developed 9th and 10tth centuries as a response to lack of authority
Official acceptance by a government of religious beliefs and practices that
are different from those it upholds. Not practical at the time because of
societys idea of one king, one faith.
Effect of the Revolt of the
Netherlands on the Sp
Divine Right of Kings-
Theory that the institution of the monarchy had been created by God and
that the monarch functioned as Gods representative on earth
Made it so monarch could not be challenged. Agreed upon by more than
1. 3 disorders in the Church-
a. Simony- selling clerical offices.
b. Nepotism- giving office to family members rather than qualified people.
c. Pluralism- Individual clergymen holding more than one office. Justified
by saying that they could not live off
1. For each category below, describe the typical family of this period and the
exceptions (e.g., specific nations or regions).
-important in public
-on farms, took care of heavy work of faming and equipment and large animals,
Ottoman expansion on southern and eastern frontiers of Europe threatened access to
Were rare and expensive. Not merely luxuries. Consumed by nobles and rich
merchants to enhance reputations of wealth and generosity.
Many practical uses:
1350-1550. Spirit of self-awareness. Wave after wave of artistic celebration of
human spirit. French for rebirth. Emphasis on humanity that characterized
renaissance thinking and renewed fascination with the classical world. An age,
The 4 Families
of Central Europe
(and what they
1. Habsburg- allies with Luxembourg. Began in Black Forest, acquired Austria,
Tyrol, Carinthia, and Carniola, Rudolf I- emperor 1273 of H.R.E. Had an
empire from 1440-1918.
2. Premysls- at height,
The High Middle Ages (approx. 1050-1300)
By H.M.A., long distance trading was the first to develop. Venice (founded about 570
A.D.) brought goods from the East and sold them to traders coming south from central
Europe. In fact, Eastern goods could only be
The Church and Its Problems
*land=money=power* -magic equation
Armies were different from today, a couple thousand guys. Most were volunteers. It was
*Gallacin- Catholic Church of Francepolitical matters are property of French
Key Events from the fall of Rome to the Dark Ages.
1. Fall of the Roman Empire- 476 A.D.
a. 3 basics: poor rulers, poor administration, poor economy
b. Incursions from Barbarian (Germanic) tribes (among others)
c. Failure to pay the soldiers whom were kee