Adorno: THE CULTURE INDUSTRY
Adorno/Horkheimer: Enlightenment as Mass Deception (1944)
They were communists and also Jewish, which is a weird place in German. In United
States during WWII, he looked back in rise of Fascism. How did that happen in 20 th
the best of what has been thought and said.
the study of perfection.
sweetness and light.
Only then will the philistines and populace be ready
to assume the exercise of power.
Gustave Le Bon (via Anne Coulter)
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular
Protestors seeking parliamentary reform arrive for
rally at Londons Hyde Park, only to find it closed by
police. Havoc ensues.
Victorian poet and critic
Culture and Anarchy (1869)
How do issues of corporate ownership and government regulation impact media content?
Institutional History and Analysis Primarilyisconcernofleft.
Wasko on the Disney corporation
Marxism and the Culture Industry
Marx: Philosopher/Economist interested in the social transformations produced by 19 th
century industrialism and the rise of commodity capitalism.
Some basic concepts:
Alienation: Men once produced/labored for themselvesun
MASS + CULTURE = MASS CULTURE
Williams: Etymology of Culture
-oldest meaning: tending, cultivation
-latest meaning: intellectual, artistic activity
(i) the independent and abstract noun which describes a general process of intellectual,
spiritual and aest
Resistance to that challenge of power block, but eventually trying to join it. Divide
between cultural politics and civil politics. Terrain of culture is not completely different from
civil politics. Civil rights movement in mid 50s to 60s. Freedom summer
The Advent of MASS CULTURE
Clustering of population in urban centers allows for new modes of cultural transmission :
Early 19th century: daily newspapers can be mass produced and mass distributed for
Early to mid-19th century: growth of cheaper boo
Response to The Twilight of American Culture
In The Twilight of American Culture, Morris Berman describes the decline of American
society through comparisons to preceding civilizations and explanations of the rapid increase in