The oldest reference to organ playing is a century and a half after Ctesibius: the Delphic
inscription (90 bce), full of implication about the organ's fame. Cicero, Lucretius, Petronius and
Ars Nova new art
14th century polyphony
How did we find out about this/these new technique(s)?
Ars Nova instituted by Philippe de Vitrys treatise Ars nova (c1322)
Johannes de Muris Ars novaei musicae (c1320)
Something obviously changed in musical techniqu