Concentration Improvement Guidelines Notes
1. learn to manage stress,
Effective stress management allows performers to shift
attention from negative thoughts and excessive muscular
tension to task relevant stimuli
2. recognize energy demands of
Expert and novice judgment Notes
In some fuzzy domains, experts are no more accurate than novices
Interpreting Rorschach tests
Experts are (usually) better calibrated than novices
Their confidence in judgments matches their accuracy
Experts may sometimes
Capacity Impact Performance
You have a limited attentional capacity.
Controlled Processing occurs when athletes consciously focus on
performing the sport skill (e.g, focusing on the mechanics of how to
execute a tennis serve)
Concentration Roadblocks Notes
Factors that interfere with quieting or parking the mind include . . .
Coach Phil Jackson believes, Basketball is a complex dance that
requires shifting from one obj
More concentration Improvement Guidelines Notes
Triggers may be words or actions that remind athletes to
Archer Darrell Pace turns his concentration on and off with this
trigger, I look either straight down at the ground i
Helping Athletes stay focused Basic
HELPING ATHLETES STAY FOCUSED: ATTENTION BASICS
What is attention?
WILLIAM JAMES DEFINITION OF ATTENTION
Everyone knows what attention is. It is taking possession by the
mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what
Paradox of Concentration Notes
CONCENTRATION: SUSTAINING ATTENTION
Concentration is the ability to sustain attention on selected stimuli
for a period of time.
Concentration can easily be broken by . . .
our own thoughts and feelings
Selective Attention Guidelines Notes
DEVELOPING A MINDSET
Analyze your sport and identify the cues that are critical to top
devise strategies to learn how to focus on these cues, and
minimize the number of cues and keep them as simple and
Sport Expertise Notes
Novices and experts
Expertise and perception
Expertise and memory
Expertise and judgment
Expertise and domain-specificity
What is an expert?
Experts are not just smart.
Experts know about a particular domain.
Orienting Response Notes
The orienting response commands your attention under the following
conditions . . .
The stimulus is very intense (e.g., sudden loud noise or bright
The stimulus is unusual or contrasts with the background
Expertise and memory Notes
The way experts perceive a situation influences what they recall.
DeGroot; Chase & Simon
Expert perception and categories
Brooks and colleagues
Doctors combine perception with other diagnosis information
May miss very obvious fe
Sports Theorist Notes
Thorndike & Woodworth (1901)
Examined relationships among mental tasks
Improving in one task only improved performance in tasks that
had common components
Skill in math improves skill in science
Skill in math is unrelated to skill in