SECTION I. Chapters 1-3
1. Figure 1.3 shows an intestinal epithelial cell with large numbers of microvilli. What is
the advantage to the organism of having these microvilli? What do you expect would
happen to an individual
THE CHEMICAL BASIS OF LIFE
Define and explain the chemical principles that form the basis of the chemistry of life.
Clarify the principle of chemical bonding (covalent and noncovalent bonds).
Describe the chemistry
BIOENERGETICS, ENZYMES, AND METABOLISM
Define and explain thermodynamic terms.
Clarify the concepts of potential and kinetic energy.
Explain the significance to Cell Biology of the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics.
INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF CELL & MOLECULAR
Present a brief outline of the early history of Cell Biology.
Familiarize students with the basic properties of all cells.
Describe the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryot
AEROBIC RESPIRATION AND THE MITOCHONDRION
Clarify the overall mitochondrial structure and its role in mitochondrial function.
Describe the structures of the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes.
Describe the composition of the mito
THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE PLASMA MEMBRANE
Describe the functions of cellular membranes.
Elucidate the chemical components of cell membranes and review their chemical properties.
Describe the development of the models of membra
1. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) causes
abnormalities in Cl- transport. Water movement via osmosis through epithelial cells
follows salt movement. With the abnormalities in Cl - transport there is not enough
1. Roux performed a procedural error. By not removing the dead cell from the living, unharmed cell, the
embryo could not develop correctly. Cells are reductionist, when the dead cell was not separated from
the living cell, there was a flaw
Ultimately, enzymes are proteins that speed up certain chemical reactions such as respiration,
photosynthesis, DNA replication, and protein synthesis. In the process, enzymes are not altered, used up,
or make more product, enzymes simply i
There are two different types of cells prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are simpler
than eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are thought of to be bacteria cells. Eukaryotic cells are more
complex and are cells of animals