Sociologic Imagination: An Introduction
Sociology: The study of human society.
Thinking like a sociologist: Applying analytical tools to something you have always done
without much conscious thought. It requires you to reconsider your assumptions about
Deviance and Social Control- Chapter 6
Social Control & Deviance.
Any transgression of socially established norms.
Why such a big deal?
"Norms make social life possible by making behavior predictable."
A category of people who share similar opportunities, similar economic and vocational
positions, similar lifestyles, and similar attitudes and behaviors.
Class Systems of Stratification
a society that has several different social classes and
Defining Normal and deviant Behavior
Behavior that fails to conform to the rules or norms of the group in question
The Functions of Deviance
"An integral part of all healthy societies"
Functions of Deviance
causes the group
Culture and Biology
Human beings, like all other creatures have basic biological needs.
the term used by sociologist to describe the difficulty people have adjusting to a new culture that differs
markedly from their own.
Socialization and Development
Socialization: Process of social interaction that teaches the child the intellectual, physical, and social
skills needed to function as a member of society
Through socialization children learn
Acquire a person
Chapter 3- Culture
Culture: The sum of shared ideas, practices, and material objects that people create to adapt to,
and thrive in, their environments.
The development of culture can be:
Liberating: when diversity goes up + consensus going down = more
- analyzing data using objective, logical & systematic methods to produce reliable
Recap of goat problem
- Personal experience is important, but it must be placed in a larger context to be fully
The nature of Family Life
Family: A social group characterized by common residence, economic cooperation, and reproduction.
It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship,
and one or more children,
whats the difference between sex and gender?
-intersexuals: 1-4% of pop.
-Transgender: 2-3% of the pop.
Gender=social and cultural characteristics that distinguish men and women
The "berdache" tradition in ame
Reset: Becoming a Marijuana User
Must learn the proper technique
Without proper technique user will not get high.
Must recognize effects AND connect them with drug
Without connection, will not continue to smoke
Must define the effects as
The era of restricted Divorce
-occured in western nations until the mid-1800s
Only alternative to divorce
The Era of divorce tolerance
-Occurred from the mid-1800's until 1970
The Era of unrestricted divorce
Ace this bitch
Chapter 12: Gender
What is sex?
The biological categories of male and female.
Determined at birth.
Mutually exclusive and unchanging
Body type, sex organs, hormones, chromosomes, etc.
Binary by social definition.
What is Gender?: Th