The Role of the State
Functions of the State:
Hobbs-social contract, preservation of order.
Arbitration of disputes
Planning and direction
Affairs with other states
Also, care and protection, economic,.
Power and Property
A social relationship vs. a thing
Rights, privileges, and responsibilities
Ownership and power
Communism (primitive v
Membership by birth
Link to political structure
Formal training for leaders
Few demands on members
Similar to above, but no formal link
Social Institutions: Religion
Modern society and the process of secularization (Rate of attendance, see current)
Sociology: Not a question of truth, but of social aspects:
1 God of War
2 Male Gods
Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
Individual vs. Group.
Versus Dominant Group
Differential access to societal resources.
1 Unequal treatment.
2 Physical/cultural stigma.
3 Ascribed status.
4 Group solidarity (in a
Types of discrimination:
1 U.S. 1954: Brown v Board of Ed.-Topeka
2 1964 Civil Rights Act-EEO, Affirmative Action
3 1987-expanded to ethnic groups as well
Dominant Group Privilege
Inequality even in egalitarian western societies
PLUS; exploitation of developing nations=exploited labor of women
Also: Even more devalued-Female children in India, China.
Women, Work and the USA
Steady increase this
What does it Mean to Be Old?
What is Old?
Atchley: Labeling, Work and personal value. Economic Reality
In Our Society today Reality:
Victim of Crime, No, but fear! Yves Brillon: "Generalized fears"
Work and self w
The Crisis of Change
One in four births-unmarried mothers (1 in 10 1970)
~50% of all children will spend some time in a single parent family (85%
African-American). 1995: 21% of White families, 36% of Hispanic
Looking Theoretically at the Family
Basic building block of Society
Care and protection
Regulation of sexual behavior
Affection and companionship
Crisis vs. Change
The Family and Education
Coleman: Family and Schools
Industrialization and the Transformation of the Household: Gender roles.
family as unit of consumption vs. unit of production. Work outside of the
Shift from family responsi