How to treat a casualty who feels fainting?
If the casualty feels faint, sit him down and lower his head between the knees.
Loosen clothing at neck and waist.
Allow plenty of fresh air, but protect from cold.
When casualty regains strength gra
How would you give Artificial Mouth to Mouth respiration?
Mouth to Mouth Method:
1. Keep the head tilted well backwards.
2. With one hand pinch the patients nose shut and keep his head bent back. With the other hand
hold his chin to keep his mouth open (
What care should be taken when giving First Aid?
When giving First Aid remember that unless youve had training from some
reputed organization you may do more harm by doing too much than too little.
Your attempts to treat serious burns or to straighten a f
Nervous System: Two parts
Central Nervous System (CNS): brain and spinal
Peripheral Nervous System
CN: 12 pairs
Spinal nerves: 31 pairs
Carries sensory messages to CNS from sensory
Components: bones, joints, muscles
Ligaments Muscle to bone
Bursa Fluid filled sac, to reduce friction
Disc Allows movement of the spine
Assessment of the
Viscera: Houses multiple major internal
Solid viscera: maintain characteristic shape
Liver and kidneys may be palpable
Ovaries palpable during pelvic exam
Spleen normally not palp
INFANCY (Birth to 1 Year) Key points:
Trust vs. Mistrust
Growth spurts double the birth wt. by 4-6 mos.
Triple wt. by one year
Primitive reflexes are present from birth
Visual acuity develops rapidly but initially is very poor
Defining Nutritional Status: Refers to the degree
of balance between nutrient intake and nutrient
What affects nutritional balance?
Optimal Nutritional status: achieved whe
(and Spirituality) L. Meneghini MSN
RN CEN (revised 09/08/08)
Why discuss culture in Health Care?
What is so special about it?
Who makes up our world?
If a village o
6) THE COMPLETE HEALTH
L. Meneghini RN MSN
The Complete Health History
Purpose: Collect subjective and objective data:
What the patient states and what you see.
Describes the patient as a whole and also how
It affirms what a perso
Cultivating your senses: 1st a statistic: 85% of what weve
learned is through your eyes.
9 General Survey, Measurement,
L. Meneghini RN MSN CEN
General Survey, Measurement, Vital
Data: The general survey studies
the pt. wholistically.
Objective parameters are used to form t
12) Skin, Hair, and Nails
Meet Lexi ->
L Meneghini MSN RN CEN
Skin Structure and Function
Two layers- the outer highly differentiated
epidermis and the inner supportive dermis.
Beneath these layers is a third layer, the
subcutaneous layer of adipose ti
RN MSN CEN
Meet Keeko and Max
Sensory organ of vision
Protected by an orbit
Surrounded by a cushion of fat
Protected by 2 lids that act as shades
External Ear: Pinna or Aurical
A canal or cul-de-sac 2.5 to 3 cm long
(external auditory canal) See 15-1 and 15-2
Helix, Antihelix, Tragus, Antitragus, Lobule,
External auditory meatus
The canal is lined with glands which secrete
Larry Meneghini RN MSN CEN
Consists of bones, joints muscles
Used for support
Production of RBCs
Reservoir for storage of minerals
Types: 1.Synovial 2.Cartilaginous,3.Fibrous
Located between 2nd and 6th ribs
Extends from side of sternum to midaxillary line
Tail of Spence: superior lateral corner of breast tissue,
extends into axilla. Site of most common breast CA
Skin, Hair and Nails
Skin, Hair and Nails
organ in the body
Protects tissue from trauma and bacteria
Prevents loss of water and electrolytes
Regulates body temp
Senses pain, touch, temperature and pressure