Modern psychology is said to have begun when
a. Greek philosophers began studying the differences between people.
b. Wundt opened the first laboratory devoted to the scientific study of psychology.
c. Freud developed psychoanalytic theory and therapy.
Psychology is said to have begun when
a. medicine was seen to be ineffective in treating neurosis.
b. Wilhelm Wundt started the first psychological laboratory.
c. Sigmund Freud opened his private practice in Vienna.
d. it was discovered in the early 1900s
Psychologists stopped relying on the method of introspection as their primary research tool because
a. they wanted to study mental processes rather than observable behaviour.
b. results were inconsistent across labs.
c. laboratory research was replaced by
Freud's theories differed radically from the views of his predecessors because of _.
a. his extensive use of laboratory research to support its claims
b. the emphasis it placed on Eastern philosophies and culture
c. the emphasis it placed on unconscious p
Structuralism emphasizes _.
a. individual differences
b. the application of biological principles to the mind
c. the influence of subconscious urges on conscious behaviour
d. the basic units of experience and their combinations
The pattern of characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that persists over time and situations
and distinguishes one person from another is called _.
a. a trait
b. an emotional profile
d. the primary process
Cognitive psychologists are a subgroup of experimental psychologists who are concerned primarily
a. neurobiological events that underlie behaviour.
b. the function of age on behaviour.
c. mental events that intervene between stimuli and responses.
_ emphasizes that humans are positively motivated and progress toward
higher levels of functioning.
a. Humanistic psychology
b. Psychoanalytic theory
c. Social learning theory
d. Trait theory
Which of the following approaches is based on the premise that people naturally strive to reach their
potential and lead a fulfilling life?
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. A psychologist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of emotional disturbances.
b. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of emotional disturbances.
c. Clinical psychologi
Dr. Siela claims that all humans have invisible souls that guide their behaviour. Which principle of a
good scientific theory is most important to consider when evaluating this claim?
b. Occams razor
c. ruling out rival hypotheses