Spanx Case Study
Organizational Behavior
Troy Donovan
6-17
Attribution Theory: an attempt to determine whether an individuals behavior is internally or
externally caused. We can determine this base of
that given by a unit vector n. The energy
spectrum (~r, , n) at this point is defined
such that the energy contained in a finite but
small sized neighborhood of the point (~r, , n)
is dV dd, where dV
6371km) The bold assumption introduced by
Planck is that electromagnetic energy is
exchanged only in amounts that are multiples
of discrete quanta, whose size depends on the
frequency of the radiation
or can be computed in terms of ln T and ln pa.
Therefore, the equation defines a first order
ordinary differential equation which can be
integrated (usually numerically) to obtain T as a
function of p
convenient basis for diagnostics of atmospheric
energy flows. For the same reason, it provides a
convenient basis for 104 CHAPTER 2.
THERMODYNAMICS IN A NUTSHELL the
formulation of simplified vertical
electromagnetic spectrum. The Median
Emission Temperature is the temperature of a
blackbody for which half of the emitted power
is below the given frequency (or equivalently,
wavelength or wavenumber)
the star. The stellar luminosity is the net power
output of a star, and if the stars emission can
be represented as blackbody radiation, the
luminosity is given by L~ = 4r2 ~T 4 ~. 3.3.
RADIATION BALA
supplied to the surface by heat transport from
the deep interior, fed by radioactive decay, tidal
dissipation, or high temperature material left
over from the formation of the planet. Heat flux
from t
and familiar ranges of numbers. Wavelengths
themselves will sometimes be measured in m
(microns, or 106m). Figure 3.1 gives the
approximate regions of the electromagnetic
spectrum corresponding to com
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference
Data and results pertinent to planetary
atmospheres are often reported in the journal
Icarus. Chapter 3 Elementary models of
radiation balance 3.1 Overview O
radiation. Since the outgoing radiation has
longer wavelength than the incoming radiation,
the flux of emitted outgoing radiation is often
referred to as outgoing longwave radiation, and
denoted by OL
in Eq. 2.23. This is accomplished by multiplying
Eq. 2.29 by T to obtain the heat budget,
dropping the terms proportional to rc (which
are small in the dilute limit), and making use of
RaT /pa = 1/a 1
buoyancy due to compressional heating, but if
one could find a situation where composition
rendered subsiding parcels unstable to descent,
the resulting convection would be very
interesting indeed to
intersect the planet are very nearly parallel to
the line joining the center of the planet to the
center of its star; the sunlight comes in as a
nearly parallel beam, rather than being
isotropic, as w
with frequency without bound; a body with any
nonzero temperature would emit infrared at a
greater rate than microwaves, visible light at a
greater rate than infrared, ultraviolet at a
greater rate th
Apple Case Study
The Pursuit of Happiness: Flexibility
Troy Donovan
3-14
Yes; only certain individuals are attracted to flexible work arrangements. For employees, some
might not work well alone or wit
Apple Case Study
Organizational Behavior
Troy Donovan
1-15:
Apple moved overseas saying that the labor cost in developing countries is cheap as compared
to the US. This would in turn save money for th
Google Case Study
Organizational Behavior
Troy Donovan
2-15
I am actually shocked to hear about this from Google. I have always thought of this organization
as a progressive company. I am aware that m
Tall Poppy Syndrome
Organizational Behavior
Troy Donovan
4-17
I have not really seen the tall poppy syndrome in my workplace or school. The only thing that
comes to mind is the term acting white, some
warming on saturation vapor pressure
dominates the effect of increasing partial
pressure, so that subsidence of initially
saturated air follows the dry adiabat. Assuming
that the displacement causes c
dimensionless variable u = h/(kT). Recalling
that each degree of freedom has energy 1 2 kT
in the average, we see that u is half the ratio of
the quantum of energy at frequency to the
typical energy i
substance to become subsaturated. Does
condensation occur on ascent (which lowers
the total pressure) or descent (which raises the
total pressure)? To answer this question, we
must compare the moist a
scaling in temperature using classical
thermodynamic reasoning. However, classical
physics yields an infinite value for the constant
. The formula for clearly reveals the
importance of quantum effects
a major constituent; at temperatures much
above 320K, it rapidly becomes the dominant
constituent of the atmosphere. Note also that
the distinction between the ice and liquid phase
transitions has a m
temperatures encountered in the atmosphere
under consideration. This might be a mixture of
condensible methane on Titan with 2.7. THE
MOIST ADIABAT 97 100 120 140 160 180 200
220 240 260 10 100 1000 T
air at the ground in 2.7. THE MOIST ADIABAT 95
tropical conditions (1000mb and 300K)? What is
the mass mixing ratio? What is the massspecific humidity? What is the molar mixing
ratio (in ppm) of water
effect of the mass of retained condensate on
buoyancy can be significant in some
circumstances. In other planetary atmospheres
the effect of retained condensate could be of
greater importance. The tem
component atmosphere is derived in
Problem ?. Note that for a single-component
saturated atmosphere, the supposition that the
atmosphere is saturated is sufficient to
determine the temperature profile
gas/solid,and so the appropriate latent heat to
use in the Clausius-Clapeyron relation is the
latent heat of sublimation. Above the triple
point, the favored transition is gas/liquid,
whence one shoul
2.4. Suppose a parcel starts on the moist
adiabat at pressure p, with temperature T(p),
and that the parcel is saturated. For the sake of
definiteness, lets suppose also that
condensation occurs on as