Burn Test - CAUTION. WARNING. BE CAREFUL! This should only be
done by skilled burners! Make sure there is a bucket of water nearby and
that you burn in a metal bucket or non-plastic sink.
To identify fabric that is unknown, a simple
Antique Satin - a satin with horizontal (weft) slubs which imitates spun shantung silk. It
is 60% rayon (the face yarn fiber) and the 40% of acetate (the back yarn fiber). Often
the warp and weft yarns are dyed with different colors to gi
6. Then the herringbone of basic twill is _ the 2nd part.
7. At last the herringbone of the reversed basic twill (drawn in 3rd part) is drawn in the 4th part.
USES:- Diaper Designs are used in screens towels , pillow cover, table cloth etc.
Elongated twill can be formed in different ways. Of them 2 are described below:
1. With the help of step number / move number.
2. By selecting or starting with a base line.
The two methods mentioned above are described below:
METHODS-1: WITH THE HELP OF S
USES OF TWILL WEAVE:-
Twill weaves are extensively used in manufacturing cloths for garments, household
Generally diamond, diaper and zigzag twills are used for making pillow covers,
screens, upholstery, bed sheets, towel
DIAPER DESIGN :This derivative of twill weave is created on the basis of herringbone principle. This design
is constructed by combining horizontal and vertical herringbone twills. In repeat of a diaper
design, the number of warp and weft threads 2 times
Lace is a lightweight, delicate fabric patterned with open holes. The holes in the lace are created
either by removing threads from a previously woven fabric, or more often by leaving open
spaces in the lace fabric itself. Origin
Denim is a very strong and hardwearing fabric. It is used for longer wear and is very durable.
The fabric is stiff and unyielding but softens with wear. It has twill weave with un-dyed weft
yarn and colored warp, usually indigo dyed. Denim lo
Fabric Comparison Chart
Identifying fabric is important. More important is the comparison of fabrics. This makes us know
the true quality of a fabric by differentiating it from its substitutes. The following chart gives a
complete information upon differe
Gabardine or gaberdine is a style of weave which has a fine and distinct diagonal ribs caused by
the interlacing pattern of yarns. It is tightly woven twill fabric with a clear finish. It is firm and
durable. Sometimes it has high sheen.
Crepe is a light-weight and classic soft silk fabric with a good drapeability. It is smooth and
highly shapeable. The fabric comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness. It has a good
slimming effect. The surface texture of the fabric
Cotton is a soft fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub native to the
tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. The fibre is most
often spun into thread and used to make a soft, breatha
Corduroy is a smooth and velvet like fabric made from cotton. It is warm and breathable. The
fabric is easy to wash and is durable. It has distinctive vertical rows of soft pile. The row is
referred to cords or wales, which varies in width
Chiffon is an elegant and sheer fabric made of silk, rayon, cotton, or synthetics. The fabric is
very fine, thin hand and lightweight. It is soft and supple, which gives a beautiful drape. It wears
very well but is difficult to handle when
Brocade is a rich, elegant and heavy fabric with an elaborate design effect. The fabric has a
raised and embossed texture. The raised and embossed texture of the brocade adds an extra
layer of warmth. It is widely used in a satin background
Calculations of crimp
In the concept of cloth cover only the packing of threads parallel to each other is considered. No account is taken at this
stage of the interference of the transverse threads with this relationship and
Introduction to Weave Designs
Types of looms wrt to shedding motion, Use of point paper to represent weave design, Concept of repeat, Simple designs like plain weave and 3/1
Tappet: Uses tappets and healds. High speed, best quality, limit
Simple spot designs
Designs in which the ornament consists chiefly of small, detached spots or figures are employed and where elaborate
figure ornamentation is not desired. Spotted effects are produced in cloths in di
Twills simple & irregular
Twill weaves cause diagonal lines in the cloth.
Simple twill has same number of ends and picks in a repeat.
The direction of diagonal lines can be towards right or left. Face & back have opposite di
Plain Weave Derivatives
Ribs & Basket, Analysis of plain weave fabric
The extension of the plain weave can proceed either vertically, grouping together several picks in the same shed and
resulting in warp ribs; or, horizontally wit
Color & Weave
Representation of color and weave effect continuous line, hounds -tooth, birds-eye
Simple continuous lines can be made by adding color to simple plain weave.
Plain Weave Horizontal Lines:
$2 $0 $A $1
Review of Fabric Construction
Recap of primary motions, Overview of some fabric defects, Understanding of fabric construction, Warp & weft contraction, Calculation of total
ends across the width, Pick Gear calculations
Shedding the separation of