Intro to East Asian Civ 2
the stage of cultural development at which writing and the keeping of written records is attained.
Civilization is the broadest cultural identity short of the identity that distinguishes humans from
the epicenter of the atom bomb explosion.
The B-29 piloted by Paul Tibbets that dropped the atom bomb Little Boy on Hiroshima on
August 6, 1945.
City where the first atom bomb was dropped on Aug 6, 1945. It previ
The Era of High Speed Growth
Period in Japans history where Japan experienced rapid growth in economy and industry.
Beginning in the mid to late 1950s, Japans GDP grew extremely rapidly (9.1% per year),
this number rose to over 10% by the 1960s
statement issued on July 26, 1945. US, Britain, and China calling for the unconditional
surrender of Japan, and outlining the terms of surrender. prompt and utter destruction
General Douglas MacArthur
American general during
Japanese troops led by Ishiwara Kanji sabotaged/blew up part of the railroad near Mukden
in Manchuria, and blamed it on the Chinese under Zhang Xueliang. The Kwantung army
used this Chinese sabotage as a pretext for immediat
A reflection of political climate during the 1920s, here we see the oligarchy that
characterized the Meiji era give rise to political parties, notably Seiyukai (conservative, pro
business) and Kenseikai-Minseito (liberal), as co
International Exhibition (or, Worlds Fair),1867
International expositions increasingly provided another avenue for learning about the
wonders of the outside world. One of the last shogunal missions to Europe attended the
Dutch Studies (rangaku)
An initiative taken by Japanese scholars during the late Tokugawa period to learn the Dutch
language. The reason for this was to allow for Japanese research of Western technology.
Eventually this term evolved to mean west
The Tokugawa government intentionally created a social order, called the Four divisions of
society (Shinokosho), that would stabilize the country. This system was based on the ideas of
Confucianism that spread to Japan from China.
1600 - 1868 - The government established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after usurping Toyotomi
Hideyori (Not Hideyoshi, who died before the conflcit). This government was characterized by
the economic prosperity and general peace it brought
Northern and Southern Courts
A period between 1336 - 1392, consisted of two competing courts, North ruled by Ashikaga
Takauji clan, South by Emperor Go-Daigo. Eventually the North was victorious and in 1392 the
South gave up the conflict, leadin
Sugawara no Michizane
Scholar, poet, and politician in the Heian period of Japan. He is regarded as an excellent poet,
particularly in Chinese Poetry, and is today revered as the god of learning, Tenman-Tenjin. Born
into a family of scholars, se
Buddhist monk during the Nara period who was given authority over civil and religious matters
under Empress Shotoku. He came close to becoming emperor but was banished when the
empress died. Resulted in monks being prohibited from politica
term for large Buddha statue, The Great Buddha. Best known is Todai-ji in Nara (752).
Kotoku-in is a buddhist temple in Kamakura that is known for its Great Buddha, one of the
most famous icons in japan. This statue probably dates from
Lecture 16 + Review
The Lost Decade
Referring to the 1990s where the financial growth stagnated, real estate bubble popped,
GDP growth slowed and even became negative, leading to recession and disillusionment
Great Hanshin Earthquake
Earthquake in 1995 in