Test 4 Essay 4
Discuss the background to the Crusades. What series of events precipated the Crusades?
What were the motivations of the Crusaders? How successful were the Crusades? What
were the long term consequences of the Crusades?
During the Middle Age
Test 3 Essay 2
How did Rome move from a city-state to an empire?
In 387 BC, the people of Gaul attacked Rome. The city was rebuilt, but they decided that the best
way to defend themselves was to conquer the surrounding places. They had an army made up gro
Test 5 Essay 1
How did plague and war in the 14th century help to bring an end to the
There are four horsemen of an apocalypse: pestilence, war, famine, and death, all of
which are present in the Middle Ages. The Grim Reaper was a symbol cr
Test 4 Essay 3
What are the similarities and differences in the development of England, France, and
In England, the king of England was known as first among equals. This king died and
willed his kingdom to William of Normandy. The lords of Englan
Test 5 Essay 3
What was the Renaissance and why did it begin in northern Italy?
Describe the essential features of the Renaissance.
The Renaissance was the rebirth of Classical (Greek and Roman) culture. This began in
Italy because the money of the Wester
Test 5 Essay 4
What was Luther's problem? Trace the development of this problem and
how Luther solved it. Why did he finally break with the Catholic Church?
How did his religious ideas differ from Catholicism?
Martin Luther was a bright man from Germany w
Describe the rise of the Carolingian dynasty. Why was it important in European history?
For what reasons did the dynasty decline in influence?
The greatest king of the Merovingian dynasty of Franks was Merovinge. A later ruler of
Test 3 Essay 4
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Roman Emperors from
Augustus to Nero. How was the Empire able to survive the reigns of such
emperors as Caligula and Nero?
There were five emperors all from the family of Julius Caesar that ruled
The Polis and Its Enemies:
Greeks vs. Persians, Greeks vs. Greeks
What new political systems had emerged in
Greece by c. 500 BCE?
How could a few small, independent
poleis defeat an imperial army?
Then why did they turn on one another?
In your opinio
They have subdued kings far and near . . . .
Those whom they wish to make kings, they
make kings, and those whom they wish they
depose; and they have been greatly exalted.
Yet for all that not one
Have you had a great TA or professor in
a History course here at Illinois?
Nominate them for a teaching award!
Just sent a quick email message to
Professor Tamara Chaplin
and tell her whom youd like to nominate.
Someday, when were old, were gonna
look back and embellish this.
Fighting as the champions of Greece,
the Athenians at Marathon
laid low the might
of the gold-appareled Persians.
REMEMBERING THE DEAD
Epitaph on the Tomb of the Athenian dead a
Test 3 Essay 3
Discuss the role of the senate, powerful generals, and politicians in the
decline and fall of the Roman Republic.
The new empire of the Romans greatly changed the Republic. The Romans started off as
a group of wheat farmers, but now there w
Test 5 Essay 2
Trace the events that marked the decline of the papacy in the 14 th
century. Explain the impact.
The papacy was the central unity of the Middle Ages, but this unity declined as the world
entered the 14th century. The problem concerning the
Life in the Roman Empire and the
Transformation of the Late Empire
D. Role of Cities and Towns
New cities and towns created at
settlements of veterans and around forts
Growth of Roman cities in West (Marseilles,
Lyon, Paris, Brussels, London, Vienna,
Cordoba, Cologne) with amphitheaters,
baths, roads, aqueducts
Charlemagne and Feudalism
1. What were the origins and achievements of
2. What were the 9th c. invasions and what were
3. What were feudalism and manorialism and
how did they respond to the conditions af
The World of the Enlightenment: Identity
Portrait of Denis Diderot
Rome and the Roman Family
from Republic to Empire
Rape of the Sabine Women
Who avenges the death of
A. Her father, Spurius Lucretius?
B. Her husband, Collatinus?
C. Her brother, Scipio Julius Lucretius?
D. Her husbands friend, Lucius Junius
Pater familias of important families are patrons have clients
Crucial vertical link in society and politics
Patrons provide advice, money, business, legal
Clients help political campaigns, as
Essay Questions Midterm 1
Feb. 20, 2017
On the in-class exam, you will be asked to answer TWO of these questions from a choice
of THREE. You should outline answers to each of these questions in advance, using
material from textbook, lectures, and the prim
The Peloponnesian War
Aftermath of Persian War conflict
between Spartas Peloponnesian
League and Athenss Delian League
Athens uses prestige and tribute to
build an empire;
Warfare among city-states in
Test 3 Essay 5
Explain the factors involved in the spread of Christianity within the
Roman Empire. It has been said that Christianity came at the right place
at the right time. Do you agree? Explain.
There were many factors involved in the spread of Chris
What features and events made the early Middle Ages come to be known as the "Dark
Ages"? In what ways does this period deserve the name? In what ways does it not?
The Middle Ages began due to a group known as the Visigoths. The Visigoths entered
HISTORY 140/141 * FALL 2016
Tuesday, 13 September
The Polis and Its Enemies: Greeks VS. Persians, Greeks VS. Greeks
What new political systems emerged in Greece between 700 and 500 B.C.E.?
How did the alliance of a few poleis hel
HISTORY 140/141 * FALL 2007 CAROL SYMES Tuesday, 6 November 2007 The Four Horsemen: Apocalypse Then
QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN LECTURE How did the building of nation-states in the thirteenth century cause conflict in the fourteenth? What was the Babylon
HISTORY 140/141 * FALL 2007 CAROL SYMES Tuesday, 13 November 2007 Man Is the Measure of All Things: Renaissance Ideals and Realities
Man is the measure of all things. Protagoras (c. 401 - 420 B.C.E.), as quoted by Plato What is man that thou art mindful o