Short-Term (Working) Memory
Q.130. What is short term memory? What is sensory memory?
First stage of memory
Storing an exact copy of incoming information until can be processed
Very brief - few seconds or less
Modeling or Observational Learning
Q.89. Explain Classical Conditioning in detail with all its relevant principles.
Learning through Association
Previously neutral stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus through repeated
pairing with that sti
Child receives a sticker for handing in his assignment Negative Reinforcement
When a behavior is followed by the removal of an unpleasant event
Behavior ends discomfort(e.g., the bells in Fannies car stop when she puts the seatbelt
Q.92. What are the
Q.79. Write the details of Maslows theory of Hierarchy of Needs.
Q.80. What are emotions? What are the internal and external components of emotions?
Test from AllahAs emotions are natural, it is not expected that we eliminate them
volume of sound
level of income
Q.83. What is Relative Deprivation principle of emotions?
Relative Deprivation Principle
If compare ourselves to those who are better off
creates envy and discontentment
If compare ourselves to those who are worse off he
Q.86. What is concept of learning in Islamic Perspective?
Humans born without any knowledge (other than fitrah)
Allah provides senses and intellect in order that may learn from the world around them
In order to be grateful to Allah for His bounties
Common word is boredom!
Nothing to doDo not like to be over-stimulatedIf goes too high, try to reduce itToo
many people or soundsToo much homeworkToo much stress
Q.77. What is moderation in fulfillment of needs and drives?
fulfilment of both physiologica
Q.73. What is affiliation motives?
Need/drive to be in contact with others Need to belong and form social attachments
Need for social acceptance Basic human need
Q.74. What are Achievement motives?
Need for success and accomplishment
Mastery of some a
All other motivations should be connected to this one in some way
Q.70. what are physiological motives?
Sleep and rest
Need: Internal deficiency; causes drive
Drive: Energized motivational state (e.g., hu
Process of observing and imitating behavior
Also noting consequences of a persons actions
Model: Someone who serves as an example
Q.97. What do you mean by spiritual modeling. Give an example.
Humans may grow spiritually by imitating the life
Validityextent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed topredict what it
is supposed to predict
Q.104. write about the dynamics of intelligence?
Nature versus nurture question:
Is Intelligence something that we inherit from our parents
Specific factors (s)
Seven clusters of primary mental abilitiesWord fluencyVerbal comprehensionSpatial
Q.100. What are the contemporary theories of intelligence?
Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. al-Baqarah (2):286
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, I am only human. I forget as you
forget, and if I forget then remind me. at-Tirmidhi
This applied only to worldly m
Easiest to remember last items in a list because they are still in STM Recognition Memory:
Previously learned material is correctly identified
Usually superior to recall
Example: Multiple choice questions
Q.133. What is forgetting? What are the theories o
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, There are three types of dreams: a
righteous dream which is glad tidings from
Allah; the dream which causes sadness which is from Satan; and a dream from the ramblings
of the mind. (Muslim, al-Bukhari)
typical person 1 to 2 hours of dreaming every night
if deprived of REM
if deprived of REM sleep one night will have increased
REM sleep next night
The Sleep Cycle
Normal sleep required by individual is 7.5 hours per night
Q.120. What are the stages of sleep?
Stages of sleep5 stages of sleep
involves passing from waking state into a semi-wakeful state, then into stages of
progressively deeper sleep
followed by REM sleep
based on EEG measures of brainwave activity during sl
Yunus (10):1 Quran is a book full of wisdom
Wisdom qualities of purpose, discrimination, and precision
Q.116. What do you know about the wisdom of the prophet p.b.u.h.?
It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to th
Majority of religion has logic
Q.112. What is status of knowledge in Islam?
Knowledge important in relation to thought and belief
Humans could not utilize their intellect to make sound decisions without knowledge.
Come to know specifics of right and wron
IQ above 130 is considered in gifted zone
Performs well in school
Special programs are available in some schools
Q.108. Differentiate between intelligence and wisdom.
Intelligence: ability to think logically, to conceptualize and abstract fro
Openness to Experience
Q.67. Define Motivation.
Factors that activate behavior and make us do what we do
Factors that give behavior direction (either positive or negative)
Dynamics of behavior that initiate, sustai
Islamic improve self for sake of
Allah and to obtain His Pleasure Personality of the Disbelievers
Q.61. What are the features of the personality of Hypocrites and Disbelievers?
Personality of the Disbelievers
More likely to have negative personality cha
employed in academic settings, community mental health centers, and private practice
concerned with the relationships between people and their work environments
develop new ways to increase productivity or be involv
Q.26.What is the difference between population and random sample?
all the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn for a study
a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of
Q.23. What are the enduring issues of Psychology that are unresolved?
Nature vs. Nurture
Internal factors vs. External factors
Mind (Soul) Body
Q.24.What are the goals of P
Q.20.What are different disciplines of Psychology? Which are the basics areas and which are
the applied areas?
Incoming information is processed in
Not just passive recipients
Q. 18. What are the basic elements of Humanistic Theory? What are its strong and weak
Focus on private, subjective experience and personal growth
Human behavior is fu
Q.14.What are the basic points of Behavioral perspectives?
Focus on external environment and its effects upon behavior
Effects of conditioning and learning
Behavior and personality a function of past experi
Q.10.How is Psychology defined in Islamic Perspective?
The study of the soul, the ensuing behavioural, emotional, and mental processes, as well
as the seen and unseen aspects that influence these elements (Hamdan, 2010)
Definition of Psychology from Isl
Q.5.What are the different types of proofs of knowledge in Islam?
Transmitted proofs (from revelation)
Independent of conformity with dictates of reason
Most can be rationally justified; in harmony with reason