1. What is the most common source of contamination with E. coli?
The most common source of contamination with E. coli is eating contaminated meat
such as ground beef.
2. At this point, can you make some preliminary guesses as to the source of the
What Is It?
A cleft lip is an opening in the upper lip
1:700 newborns are affected by cleft lip
between the mouth and nose, which
More males than females have cleft lip
occurs when proper fusion does not take
place. It can
Evolution of Populations - Chapters 23 & 14
Genes can mutate-change in gene number or sequence (not on purpose)
Maybe change, maybe not
Maybe better, maybe not
Offspring slightly different than both parents genetic makeup
Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life - Chapter 22
A process of change in a certain direction
Theory of Evolution
Accumulation of Inherited changes within a population over time.
Doesnt say how
Theory of Evolution
BIOLOGY is a Life Science
Science: systematic study of various aspects of the natural world
Life Sciences: Biology, Botany, Physiology, Microbiology
Physical Sciences: Chemistry, Physics, Geology
Social Sciences: Psychology, Sociology
WHAT IS BIOLOGY?
Exam 3 Review
Name and define the three types of asexual reproduction?
a. Budding: part of the body grows and separates
b. Parthenogenesis: unfertilized egg develops into an adult
c. Fragmentation: body breaks into pieces
You and 1 milli
CHAPTER 49 Nervous Systems
How Did We Get Here?
Increased numbers and concentration of nerve cells
1 - ganglia, brain, nervous cords, nerves
Specialization of function
1 - afferent/efferent
Increased number of association neurons
Phylogeny and the Tree of Life - Chapter 26
Systematics: discipline focused on classifying organisms and determining evolutionary
Phylogeny: evolutionary history
Cladistics: diagramming evolutionary relationships
Animal Behavior - Chapter 51
What is behavior?
Scientific study of behavior in natural environments from an evolutionary
What an animal does
How it does it
Usually in response to stimuli from the envi
CHAPTER 40 Animal Form And Function
Animal form and function reflects major themes: evolution & bioenergetics
The overarching theme of biology is evolution.
Adaptations observed in animals evolved by natural selection
Analyzing the structure of an organ
Blackboard Mastering Biology
An Introduction to Animal Diversity - Chapter 32
What is an Animal?
We all know a dog is an animal.
What about a cricket?
CHAPTER 42 - Circulation
Every organism must exchange materials and energy with the environment
This exchange ultimately occurs at the cellular level
Cells live in aqueous environments
Nutrients and oxygen move across the plasma membrane
Biology 112: Introduction to Ecology
Introduction to Ecology
What is Ecology?
Define Populations, Communities and Ecosystems and their similarities and differences
Detail the 4 population characteristics of Population Dynamics and explain the
Types of Reproduction
Types of Reproduction
A single parent endows its offspring with genes identical to its own
Types of Reproduction
When is asexual reproduction an advantage?
- no mating required
CHAPTER 41 NUTRITION
Animals exhibit a variety of nutritional adaptations.
An adequate diet is essential for _, a steady-state balance in
A balanced diet provides fuel for cellular work and the materials needed to construct
CHAPTER 44 - Osmoregulation and Excretion
Osmoregulation - regulate chemical composition of body fluids
Balance uptake and loss of water and solutes between internal fluids and the external
Animals must also remove metabolic waste
CHAPTER 50 - SENSORY RECEPTION
Located through our body
Respond to _
Send information to _
Information acquired through _of s
CHAPTER 48 - NEURAL SIGNALING
Nervous systems perform the three overlapping functions of sensory input,
integration, and motor output
Sensory receptors - respond to external and internal stimuli
Conveyed to integration centers
Motor Output - conduction
Community Ecology - Chapter 54
Different populations that interact with each other
These affect number of individuals (density) of populations & kinds of populations
Habitat vs. Niche
Origin of Species - Chapter 24
What is a Species?
Actually much harder to define than you might think!
Species are different groups
Grizzly vs polar vs panda vs black
What about caterpillars and butterflies?
There are many Definitions of what a species
Chapter 50 Skin, Skeleton, Muscle
Identify the functions of the skin
Explain the three types of skeletons and compare the form and function attributes of
Identify muscle anatomy, and learn how they function
1. Nerve impulses travel along a neuron. Name the five primary parts of the
neuron in order the impulse travels.
b. Cell body
c. Axon hillock
e. Synaptic terminal
2. The first step in the production of an action potential?
CHAPTER 42 Gas Exchange
The Big Picture
Movement of molecules from a more concentrated area to a less concentrated one
Diffusion is passive- no energy involved
Larger surface area, more gas that can be exchanged
Larger the concentrati
Bio 112 Test 1 Review
#1 The students in Bio 112 at BSU do prefer Reeses peanut butter cups over any
#2 testable and falsifiable
Evolution is the change of a population over time
Lecture 5 - 4: Variable Retention Harvest Systems
1. What is the primary difference between variable retention harvesting practices and traditional
seed-tree and shelterwood harvesting practices?
Traditional retention keeps the maintenance of the forest a
Lecture 4 - 3: Stand Harvesting
Describe each of the following methods of stand harvesting/regeneration, and list
their objectives, advantages, and disadvantages (with regard to providing wildlife
habitat, aesthetic quality, and efficiency of
Chapter 3 Terms Bonus
Disturbance- any event that removes (kill) some or all trees in a forest, making
growing space available for surviving or new (seedling) trees.
Magnitude- size (area) of the landscape altered by the disturbance.
Intensity- the propor
Lecture 3 - 2: Stand Initiation
1. List tree species characteristics that influence the duration of the tree invasionstand initiation stage of stand development after disturbance and explain how each
factor influences duration.
Number of trees pe
Study Questions for Unit 5
Lecture 5 - 1: Stand Harvesting Effects on Water Resources
How does stand harvesting alter the following components of the hydrological cycle on the site?
State if the volume of water movement via these processes inc
Lecture 4 - 2: Stand Tending
1. What is the difference between stand density and stand stocking?
Stand density is a quantitative measure of the amount of tree biomass per unit of area (Basal
Area per acre, wood Volume per acre, biomass (Kg) per h