THE STOCK MARKET
The Stock Market
A stock market is a public market in which the stocks of
companies are traded.
Stock markets are classified as either organized security
exchanges or over-the-counter (OTC) market.
Organized security exch
INTRODUCTION TO MARKETTING
This introductory session is aimed at answering the following specific
1. What is marketing?
2. What are the core concepts that underlie the discipline of marketing?
3. What are the marketing philosophies o
MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM AND MARKETING
MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM
1. What is Marketing Information System (M.I.S.)?
M.I.S. consists of;
Procedures to gather, sort, analyze, evaluate and distribute needed, timely
OPERANT/INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING THEORY IN PEPSI BEVERAGE
Learning is one of the fundamental behavior processes; it involves both the development and the
modification of thoughts and behaviors. It is
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS
Corporate governance is based on both internal and external mechanisms.
INTERNAL GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS: CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY
The internal mechanisms are centered on three segments the board of directors, executive
Definition of Internal Control
Control refers to a set of activities used to
guide, manage, and regulate toward a directive.
Internal control refers to a skill developed and
applied within a company, which uses judgment
to assess and d
Securities/financial markets facilities lending,
payment and trade, and these are done
through financial intermediaries.
Traditionally financial markets are divided into
money and capital markets.
They are distinguis
The term money market is a misnomer.
Money(currency) is not traded in the money
It is referred to as the money market in that
the securities traded there are short term and
highly liquid ,and they are close to money.
Bonds are long term debt obligations issued
by corporations and governments
The proceeds are used to support long term
operations e.g. capital expenditure projects
Bond markets are markets in which bonds are
issued and sold .
Bond Valuation and Yield
A bond has a par value of $1,000, pays $50 semiannually and has a maturity of 10 years.
If the bond earns 12% per year, what is the price of the bond?
What is the yield to maturity for the bond?
A bond is a debt security. A bond is defined as an instrument of indebtedness by the bond
issuer to any bondholder. Under some agreed terms, the bond issuer is said to owe
WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT
Working capital alludes to the association's interest in fleeting resources (money, attractive securities,
debt claims and inventories). Net working capital is the contrast between a company's present resources
and its present l