This class was tough.
Its body of rules and statutes that defines conduct prohibited by the government because it threatens and harms public safety and welfare and that establishes punishment to be imposed for the commission of such acts.The term criminal law generally refers to substantive criminal laws which define crimes and may establish punishments.Criminal procedure describes the process through which the criminal laws are enforced.This crimes are categorized in two categories which include either felonies or misdemeanors based on their nature and the maximum punishment that can be imposed. A felony involves serious misconduct that is punishable by death or by imprisonment for more than one year. Most state criminal laws subdivide felonies into different classes with varying degrees of punishment. Crimes that do not amount to felonies are misdemeanors or violations. A misdemeanor is misconduct for which the law prescribes punishment of no more than one year in prison. Lesser offenses, such as traffic and parking infractions, are often called violations and are considered a part of criminal law
The purpose of criminal law is to protect society by facilitating the detection and prosecution of criminal actions while protecting the rights of the accused.Criminal law is described as the means by which the state prosecutes and punishes individuals charged with violating the law.The purpose of of criminal law is categorized in five theories which include: RETRIBUTION-This is one of the most commonly held reasons for criminal law, as it is felt that criminals deserve suffering for having broken the law. DETERRENCE-With deterrence, it is argued, others might be dissuaded from breaking the law after seeing the punishment of convicted persons. INCAPACITATION -This is advanced as a purpose for criminal law. In this sense, the criminal is rendered harmless simply by being removed from society for the duration of the prison term. REHABILITATION-This is advocated for those convicted of illegal activities. It is sometimes attempted through job training, remedial education and placement in drug and alcohol treatment programs. RESTORATION -This is occasionally cited as a function of the legal system. This principle borrows much from civil law and sees the purpose of criminal courts as encouraging the guilty to make restitution for their crimes.
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Advice for students:
To succeed in this course one has to portray different skills which include: 1.Interpersonal and Communication Skills-Criminal justice professionals work closely with team members, clients, partners, and other individuals every day. In order to be successful, it is necessary to have a solid foundation in interpersonal skills such as listening, empathy, conflict resolution, and flexibility. 2.Ethics and Honesty-Much of what a professional in any career in the criminal justice handles requires following the legal, ethical, and moral standards of society. Criminal justice professionals work to help individuals and communities avoid abuse, fraud, criminal activity, and prejudice. To be effective in doing so, it is essential for every individual working in criminal justice to have a high standard of ethics and be honest in all aspects of the workplace. 3.Knowledge of Topics in Criminal Justice Fields-With such a wide range of possibilities for working in criminal justice, it is vital for professionals in this industry to have a well-rounded understanding of everything from legal issues to the history of criminology and criminal behavior, including juvenile justice, criminal investigations, delinquency prevention, and psychology of criminal behavior. Other Professional which include Assessment, service orientation, coordination, decision making, persuasion, and leadership are also skills that are helpful to have in any type of criminal justice position. Whether interested in a career in law enforcement or rehabilitation or counseling, criminal justice provides future professionals with many professionally and personally rewarding benefits. Many types of skills are required to be successful in the criminal justice field, particularly those in understanding the law, ethical responsibility, and communication.