Describe how humans are altering the Biosphere. Climate patterns,
biodiversity, habitat destruction, and any type of pollution should all be
Humans are increasing the rate of extinction by over-harvesting, degrading, and
Adult worms live in the lumen of the small intestine. A female may produce up to
240,000 eggs per day, which are passed with the feces . Fertile eggs embryonate
and become infective after 18 days to several weeks , depending on the
Schistosoma japonicum, also known as the
oriental blood fluke, is one of the
causative agents of chronic intestinal
schistosomiasis in humans.
frequently progresses to liver fibrosis, porta
University of Nairobi
college of health sciences
school of nursing
Asthma is a chronic inammatory disease
of the airways characterized by hyperresponsiveness, mucosal edema, and
It is a chronic inammatory pulmonary
Defined as inflammation of the lung parenchyma/ alveoli,
characterized by consolidation of the affected part and a filling of the
alveolar air spaces with exudate, inflammatory cells, and fibrins.
THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI.
COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES.
SCHOOL OF NURSING SCIENCE.
MEDICAL SURGICAL THEMATIC UNIT.
By the end of the lesson the learners should:
Be able to explain what COPD is
Be able to state the causes and c
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS AND
Students will be able to:
1. Identify tests and procedures commonly
performed on patients with respiratory
2. Define the test / procedure
3. State the purpose
4. Describe appropriate nursing
A Common disorder and potentially deadly
650,000 cases occurring annually
Highest incidence in hospitalized patients
Autopsy reports suggest it is commonly
Presentation is often atypical
Intended to review and familiarize you with
commonly heard breath sounds encountered
in the field.
How many of you were taught breath sounds,
but never had an audio or clinical opportunity
to validate cognitive objectives?
The student will be able to:
Gather subjective and objective data through
History taking and Physical examination
Take a clients present and past medical
history, family and social history
REVIEW ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Composed of the Upper and Lower Resp. tracts.
Responsible for ventilation.
Sinuses and (n
Anatomy of Thorax
Main Causes of Chest Injuries
S/S of Chest Injuries
Different Types of Chest Injuries
Treatments of Chest Injuries
Anatomy of the chest
Two Lungs (right and left)
Anatomy of the chest
Gas Exchange Unit
ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES (ABGS)
Respiratory and Metabolic
Acidosis and Alkalosis
is an acid and is controlled by
the Respiratory (Lung) system
Classification of GIT conditions
Disorders of the alimentary tract: diseases of
esophagus, peptic ulcer disease and related
disorders, disorders of absorption, IBD,
irritable bowel syndrome, diverticular disease
and intestinal obstruction.
Liver and bil
Group 11 members
Globins are heme containing proteins involved in binding / or transport
of oxygen. They belong to a family of globular p
The Role of 2,3-Bisphosphoglycerate
in Oxygen binding to Haemoglobin
Anino O. John Henry
Amman Kurji Ashani
Alexander Bernard Mukeli
Discuss aerobic and anaerobic respiration in living organism.
Respiration is the process of releasing energy from the breakdown of glucose.
Respiration takes place in every living cell, all of the time and all cells need to respire
in order to produce the
Running head: Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis.
Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis.
Outline the causes, incidence and risk factors of the identified condition and how it
can impact on the patient and family (400 w
DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY/CAM
MUTAI PATRICK K.
PPT433:QUALITY CONTROL OF HERBAL MEDICINE
By Prof. Gikonyo N.K
Mon 4th July 2016
Quality assurance of herbal drugs is necessary to ensure that these for
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
The Theory of the Five Elements
Concept and Characteristics of the Five Elements
Interactions among the Five Elements
Application of the Theory of the Five Elements in TCM
Wood, Fire, Earth,
McKinley & O'Loughlin
Chapter 10 Lecture Outline:
Muscle Tissue and
Tissue and Organization
Over 700 skeletal muscles have been named.
Form the muscular system.
Muscle tissue is distributed almost everywhere
The Role of the Protein Xiap in Breast Cancer
1.1: Thesis objective
We are undertaking this project research due to the realization that breast cancer is one of
the most common cancers and desp
Cytoplasmic hemoprotein found in muscle cell of animals expressed in
the cardiac myocytes and cytosol of skeletal muscle.
Myoglobin is the primary oxygen carrying pigment of muscle.
It can bind carbon monoxide and ni
HMB 202: BIOCHEMISTRY
Respiration is the breathing mechanism for
exchange of respiratory gases.
-ETA THALASSEMIAS AND
THEIR CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS
GROUP 10 MEMBERS;
ATIANG M OKODOI
1) Definition of Hemoglobinopathies and
2) Beta thalas
CONCEPT OF BINDING OF
The binding of ligands to macromolecules is
often enhanced if there is already bound
ligands on the same macromolecule
HEME BIOSYNTHESIS AND
GROUP 2 PRESENTS.
Hemoglobin (Hb) is also a compact globular
protein, but Hb is a tetramer.
It consists of four polypeptide chain
A critical function of inflammation;
Deliver leucocytes to site of injury
Activate leukocytes perform their function in
host defence effectively
Leukocytes ingest offending agents, kill
microbes, remove necrotic tissue and foreign
RED CELL MEMBRANE
STRUCTURE & METABOLISM
Erythrocytes are the most abundant blood cells found in circulation.
They have a diameter of 6.2-8.2um and thickness of about 2-2.5 um.
The surface area of RBC is approximately 140um2.
UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
SCHOOL OF NURSING
HNS 304:COMMUNITY HEALTH
The role of the community health nurse is in the
containment of communicable disease
Discuss your role in the management of cholera
in Tangaza county