2. ^ Jump up to:a b Bakalar, Nicholas
(October 12, 2006). "38 Million
Sharks Killed for Fins Annually,
Experts Estimate". National
Geographic. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
3. Jump up^  Archived August 4,
2008, at the Wayback Machine.
Kikuyu. His date of birth, sometime in the early to
mid-1890s, was unclear even to him, as birth
records were not traditionally kept. However, at
least one biography gives his date of birth as
October 20, 1891, a date so precise as to likely be
1948 to 1951 he toured and lectured around the
country condemning idleness, robbery, urging hard
work while campaigning for the return of land given
perjured himself; the judgewho had only recently
been awarded an unusually large pension, and who
1. ed 2006-09-08.
2. Jump up^ Priede IG, Froese R,
3. Geographic. Retrieved 2006-09-08.
4. Jump up^ "Alternative approaches
to prostate cancer treatment".
Archived from the original on June 2,
2008. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
5. Jump up^ Pollack, Andrew (3 Jun
A collection of Cretaceous shark teeth
See also: Evolution of fish
Evidence for the existence of sharks dates from
the Ordovician period, 450420 million years ago, before
land vertebrates existed and before many plants had
colonized the con
1. for Shark Research. Retrieved 200908-22.
2. Jump up^ "Sharks are colour-blind,
new study finds". Retrieved 2011-0203.
3. Jump up^ Gill, Victoria (2011-0118). "Sharks are probably colourblind". BBC News. Retrieved 201101-19.
4. Jump up^ Nathan Scott Har
of all denominations
In 1922 Kamau
Blue plaque at 95 Cambridge Street,
In 1929 the KCA sent Kenyatta to London to lobby
on its behalf with regard to Kikuyu tribal land affairs.
Using the name Johnstone Kenyatta, he publishe
began working, as a store clerk and water-meter
reader for the Nairobi Municipal Council Public
Works Department, once again under John Cook
who was the Water Superintendent. Meter reading
helped him meet many Kenyan-Asians at their
homes who would bec
bites out of large animals. Thresher sharks use their long
tails to stun shoaling fishes, and sawsharks either stir prey
from the seabed or slash at swimming prey with their
Many sharks, including the whi
Retrieved on 2010-0916. Archived March 7, 2013, at
the Wayback Machine.
3. ^ Jump up to:a b "Shark fin soup
alters an ecosystem
CNN.com". CNN. 2008-12-15.
4. Jump up^ "Global catches,
in Sussex, and lectured on Africa for the Workers'
Educational Association.
In 1942, he married an Englishwoman, Edna Clarke.
He also published My People of Kikuyu and the Life
of Chief Wang'ombe, a history shading into legend.
and are constantly replaced throughout life. Multiple rows
of replacement teeth grow in a groove on the inside of the
jaw and steadily move forward in comparison to
a conveyor belt; some sharks lose 30,000 or more teeth in
their lifetime. The rate of toot
America. Cladoselache was only about 1 metre (3.3 ft)
long with stiff triangular fins and slender jaws. Its teeth
had several pointed cusps, which wore down from use.
From the small number of teeth found together, it is most
likely that Cladoselache d
1. 704. doi:10.1126/science.aaf1703.
2. Jump up^ Pennisi, Elizabeth (11
August 2016). "Greenland shark may
live 400 years, smashing longevity
record". Science. Retrieved11
3. ^ Jump up to:a b c Leonard J. V.
Compagno (1984). Sharks of the
In 1934, Kenyatta enrolled at University College
London and from 1935 studied social
anthropology under Bronisaw Malinowski at
the London School of Economics (LSE). He was a
member of the executive committee of
the International African Friends of
Elasmobranchii also include rays and skates; the
Chondrichthyes also include Chimaeras. It is currently
thought that the sharks form a polyphyletic group: some
sharks are more closely related to rays than they are to
some other sharks.
exception of Thomson's caecilian (Caecilia thompsoni), which can reach 150 centimetres (4.9 feet). A
caecilian's skin has a large number of transverse folds and in some species contains tiny embedded
dermal scales. It has rudimentary eyes covered in skin,
are estimated at 1.44 million metric tons for 2000, and
1.41 million tons for 2010. Based on an analysis of
average shark weights, this translates into a total annual
mortality estimate of about 100 million sharks in 2000, and
about 97 million sharks in 2
) but left after theSoviet Union (worried
about Hitler's growing power and seeing Britain
and France as potential allies) withdrew its support
for the movement against British and French colonial
rule in Africa. ng Spear", while the name "Kenyatta"
Further information: List of threatened sharks and Shark
as Prime Minister (196364) and then as President
(196478). He is considered the founding father of
the Kenyan nation.Kenyatta was a well-educated
intellectual who authored several books
1.) Detained: A Writer's Prison
2.Jump up^ Police stop VP's bid
for Kenyatta papers, Daily
Facing Mount Kenya (1938)
My people of Kikuyu and the life of
Chief Wangombe (1944)
Bitterness (biography 1968)
Kenya: The land of confl
1. Bailey DM, et al. (2006). "The
absence of sharks from abyssal
regions of the world's
sciences / the Royal
Society. 273 (1592): 1435
41. doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3461. PM
C 1560292 .PMID 16777734.
2. Jump up^ "Worldwide shar
1. Jump up^ "Biology of the
Porbeagle". ReefQuest Centre for
Shark Research. Retrieved 2006-0807.
2. Jump up^ Guttridge, T.L., van Dijk,
S., Stamhuis, E.J., Krause, J.,
Gruber, S.H. and Brown, C. (2013).
"Social learning in juvenile lemon
o 10.2Other threats
Until the 16th century, sharks were known to mariners as
"sea dogs". The etymology of the word "shark" is
1. Archived March 7, 2013, at
the Wayback Machine.
2. ^ Jump up to:a b "Shark fin soup
alters an ecosystem
CNN.com". CNN. 2008-12-15.
3. Jump up^ "Global catches,
exploitation rates, and rebuilding
options for sharks"Marine Policy
in British East Africa (now Kenya), a member of the
member of the kihiu-mwiri age group. In 1914, he
converted to Christianity, assuming the name John
Peter, which he then changed to Johnstone
Kamau. He left the mission later that year to seek
investigation into 96 alleged shark attacks, confirming 62
of them as unprovoked attacks and 16 as provoked
attacks. The average number of fatalities worldwide per
year between 2001 and 2006 from unprovoked shark
attacks is 4.3.
Contrary to popular be
Main article: Dermal denticle
The dermal denticles of a lemon shark, viewed through
a scanning electron microscope
Unlike bony fish, sharks have a complex dermal corset
made of flexible collagenous fibers and arranged
housing. Some owners have been tempted
to releasethem. Species appropriate to home aquaria
represent considerable spatial and financial investments
as they generally approach adult lengths of 3 feet (90 cm)
and can live up to 25 years.
April 1960, over a million signatures for a plea to
release him were presented to the Governor. On 14
May 1960, he was elected KANU President in
absentia. On 23 March 1961, Kenyan leaders,
including Daniel arap Moi, later his longtime Vice