The Political Frame
Politics: the realistic process of making decisions and allocating resources in a context of scarcity
and divergent interests.
This view puts politics at the heart of decision making.
1.Organizations are coalition
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The Structural Frame
A frame: a coherent set of ideas that enable you to see and understand more clearly what
goes on day to day.
The structural perspective champions a pattern of well-thought-out roles and
relationships. Properly designed, th
The Human Resource Frame
-centers on how characteristics of organizations and people shape what they do for one
Organizations exist to serve human needs rather than the reverse;
People and organizations need each other. Organizati
Operating core people who perform the basic work (workers who produce or provide
products or services to customers or clients): teachers in school, assembly-line workers in
factories, physicians and nurs
What do we know about leadership?
it is not a tangible thing: it exists only in relationships and in the imagination and perception of
the engaged parties;
leaders get things done and get people do things;
leaders are powerful (yet ma