SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part 2 a
Lecture 9 (part 2)
Applications of Fractals
22nd March, 2016
Dr. Tsing Nam-Kiu
Applications of Fractals
Computer graphics
Fractal mountain creation
Other cgi effects
Movie: Star War
Movie: Lord of the R

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 1
The Scientific Method
2015-09-04
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
1
Reminders!
Check SIS (Have you successfully enrolled in this course?).
Register your tutorial session on Moodle.
Tutorial 1 starts in the week

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 2a
What Are Good Theories?
2015-09-08
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
1
Reminders!
Tutorial starts next week.
Read the 3 assigned articles, and complete the exercise on
Moodle by 16:55, 13th (Sunday) September, 2

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 5
Mathematical Modelling
2015 02 06
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Previously on SCNC1111
How to come up with
a non-ambiguous
theory?
Observation
(Generalization
via
induction)
What do you
mean by being
non-ambigu

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part 2 a
Lecture 8
Calculus
06th, 17th March, 2015
Dr. Rachel Lui
What is Calculus About
Calculus
differential calculus
(differentiation)
rate of change
integral calculus
(integration)
accumulation
inverse process

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part 2 a
Lecture 9
Differential Equations
20-03-2015
Dr. Rachel Lui
Differential Equations
Definition
A differential equation is an equation containing one
or more derivatives.
4
= 3 + 12
2
2 2 = 0
The highest ord

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 5
Mathematical Modelling
2015 02 06
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Previously on SCNC1111
How to come up with
a non-ambiguous
theory?
Observation
(Generalization
via
induction)
What do you
mean by being
non-ambigu

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part II a: Quantitative Reasoning: Mathematics
Lecture 6
Difference Equations
10th February, 13th February 2015
Dr. Rachel Lui
Rabbits
2
kunoshima
The hundreds of rabbits found on the island today
are thought to b

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part II a: Quantitative Reasoning: Mathematics
Lecture 7
Matrix Algebra
2015-02-17, 2015-02-27
Dr Bosco Yung
Who is the speaker?
Dr Bosco H. K. Yung
An astrophysicist;
studies the stellar evolution of late-type

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 4
Mathematical Modelling
2015 02 03
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Previously on SCNC1111
How to come up with
a non-ambiguous
theory?
Observation
(Generalization
via
induction)
What do you
mean by being
non-ambigu

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 3
Guesstimation
(How to Make Educated Guesses)
2015 01 30
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Guesstimation
Guesstimation = Guess + estimation
Estimate the order of magnitude of a quantity
Need not be exact
Without

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 4
A Real Example of Scientific Inquiry that
Involves Guesstimation
2015 02 03
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
The Fathers of Medicine
source: wikipedia
Hippocrates of Cos
(460 BC-370 BC)
source: wikipedia
Aristot

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 3
Guesstimation
(How to Make Educated Guesses)
2015 01 30
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Guesstimation
Guesstimation = Guess + estimation
Estimate the order of magnitude of a quantity
Need not be exact
Without

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 2
What Are Good Theories?
and
Two Simplifications of the Idealized Scientific Method
2015 01 27
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Summary of the Idealized Scientific Method
Observation
(Generalization
via
induction)

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 2
What Are Good Theories?
and
Two Simplifications of the Idealized Scientific Method
2015 01 27, 30
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Reminders!
Tutorial starts this week.
In the tutorial next week, we will initiat

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Lecture 1 Outline
The Scientific Method
2015 01 23
Dr. William M.Y. Cheung
Reminders!
Check SIS (Have you successfully enrolled in this course?).
Check your tutorial time and venue.
Tutorial 1 starts next week.

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Introductory Lecture
2015-01-20
Science Foundation Courses
Two compulsory courses (science
foundation) for 4-year Science Major:
SCNC1111 Scientific Method and Reasoning
SCNC1112 Fundamentals of Modern
Science
2

Class:
Name:
1
(
) Date:
Introducing biology
1.1 What is biology?
(Book 1A, p. 1-5)
Biology () is the study of (1) _.
It can be divided into many branches according to the area of study, e.g. molecular biology
(),
cytology (), anatomy (), taxonomy (), eco

10
Transpiration, transport
and support in plants
10.1 Transpiration
(Book 1B, p. 10-3)
Transpiration () is the loss of water vapour to the atmosphere from the surface of plants due
to (1) _.
Go to
Practical 10.1 Demonstration of the occurrence of trans

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 11
Statistics
05-04-2016
About Eddy
Eddy Lam
Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science
Research Interests:
Statistical Analysis of Infectious Diseases
- progress of an epidemic
Eddys research

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 12
Probability
08-04-2016
Probability
Probability theory arose from the study of
games of chance because of a gambler.
The mathematical foundations of statistics were
laid in the 17th century with

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 13
Probability
12-04-2016
Probability
Definition 4: A set of events 1 , , are
exhaustive if at least one of the events must
occur. In other words,
1 2 = .
Theorem of Total Probability
Let 1 , , be

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 15
Statistical Inference
Interval Estimation & Hypothesis Testing
19-04-2016
Normal Distribution
2
Let ~(, ), and =
=
be a transformation of . Then
~ , and is known as the standard
normal dist

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 16
Interval Estimation & Hypothesis Testing
22-04-2016
Interval Estimation
Let > = .
Confidence Interval Estimation
In the cases with normal distribution, a 1
100% C.I. for is thus given by
/2

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part IIb
Lecture 14
Normal Distribution and the Central Limit Theorem
15-04-2016
Randomness
Have you ever thought/dreamt of being a music composer?
In fact, you can be an amateur composer even though you know nothi

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part 2 a
Lecture 10 (part 2)
Chaos
1st April, 2016
Dr. Tsing Nam-Kiu
Continuous Time Models
The mathematical models in our previous lecture
(part 1 of Chaos) are all continuous time models:
their variables (e.g.,

SCNC1111
Scientific Method and Reasoning
Part 2 a
Lecture 10
Chaos
29th March, 2016
Dr. Tsing Nam-Kiu
What is Chaos?
Source: humoroutcasts.com
2
Butterfly Effect
Source: National Geographic
Why are they connected?
What does this really mean?
3
Discovery

5
Food and humans
5.1 Humans as heterotrophs
(Book 1A, p. 5-5)
Most organisms take in organic matter from their surroundings. This mode of nutrition is
called (1) _ nutrition ().
Organisms that carry out heterotrophic nutrition are called (2) _ (), e.g.
h

3
3.1
A
Movement of substances
across cell membrane
Cell membrane
(Book 1A, p. 3-3)
What is the structure of the cell membrane?
(Book 1A, p. 3-3)
The structure of the cell membrane can be explained by the (1) _
_ _ ().
The cell membrane is mainly made up

The cell as the basic unit of
life
2
2.1
A
Chemicals of life
(Book 1A, p. 2-3)
What are the inorganic chemical constituents of organisms?
(Book 1A, p. 2-3)
1
Water (Book 1A, p. 2-3)
Function
Example
To dissolve substances and provide a (1) _ () for
chemic